The direct and statistical neutron decay of the isoscalar giant dipole resonance has been studied in 90Zr, 116Sn, and 208Pb using the (α, α' n) reaction at a bombarding energy of 200 MeV. The spectra of fast decay neutrons populating valence hole states of the Z, N - 1 nuclei were analyzed, and estimates for the branching ratios were determined. The observation of the nucleon-direct-decay channels helped to select giant-resonance strengths and suppress the underlying background and continuum, which led to an indication of the existence of a new mode with L = 2 character, presumably the overtone of the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics