Direct effects of chemoradiotherapy following esophagectomy

S. Marton, V. Juhasz, L. Bogar, A. Papp, L. Cseke, P. O. Horvath, T. Koszegi, S. Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Esophageal cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, but despite continuing research, few effective therapies have been identified. In recent years, surgical resection following chemoradiotherapy has been associated with improved survival in several clinical models. Aim: In a prospective, observational study, we evaluated the direct effects of chemoradiotherapy on postoperative mortality, morbidity, and inflammatory response in patients following esophagectomy. Methods: The study cohort was divided into two groups: the first group received preoperative chemoradiotherapy, while the second group had surgical intervention without prior treatment. Nutritional status was evaluated for the members of both patient groups at various time points. Results: Preoperative chemoradiotherapy did not influence morbidity or organ function, and the postoperative inflammatory response did not show immunosuppressive side effects directly after surgery. Conclusion: Preoperative chemoradiotherapy does not improve postoperative organ function, inflammatory response or nutritional status in the patients. These findings may help to improve outcome in patients with esophageal cancer in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-69
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Surgical Research
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2011

Keywords

  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Esophagectomy
  • Inflammation
  • Nutritional status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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