Direct and indirect symptom severity indicators of alcohol dependence and the personality concept of the biosocial model

Bálint Andó, Sándor Rózsa, Eszter Kurgyis, Andrea Szkaliczki, Ildikó Demeter, Petronella Szikszay, Zsolt Demetrovics, Zoltán Janka, Péter Z. Álmos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Temperament and character factors are strongly related to the developmental, clinical, and treatment aspects of alcohol dependence. This study had the aim of revealing the underlying personality structure and individual differences in the symptoms of alcohol dependence measured by multiple severity indicators. Patients with alcohol dependence exhibited higher levels of novelty seeking and harm avoidance, and lower levels of persistence, self-directedness, and cooperativeness. Especially novelty seeking was connected with more severe alcohol dependence. These characteristics could be useful targets of interventions and Temperament and Character Inventory is therefore a useful measurement to identify patients with more severe alcohol-related problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-426
Number of pages9
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2014



  • Alcohol dependence
  • Novelty seeking
  • Severity of alcohol-related problems
  • Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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