Dipyridamole (Persantin), a commonly used coronary vasodilator and antithrombotic drug, has been intensively studied for its potential use in combination chemotherapy for cancer, and recently, for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. However, the strong binding of dipyridamole to proteins in human plasma complicates quantitative extrapolations from in vitro data to the clinic. To aid in such extrapolations, we incubated dipyridamole in human plasma and in tissue culture media containing 10% fetal calf serum (FCS), and determined the equilibrium levels of free drug. In human plasma, after addition of 2 to 10 μmol/L dipyridamole (i.e., in the therapeutically relevant concentration range), the fraction of free drug averaged between 1.9% and 3.5%. In 10% FCS, after addition of 0.08 to 5 μmol/L dipyridamole (i.e., the experimentally relevant concentration range), mean free fractions were in the 75% to 100% range. Relating various total dipyridamole levels in the therapeutically relevant range in human plasma to those in 10% FCS that provided identical fractions of free drug gave ratios in the 24 to 55 range. Thus, a multiplication factor in the above range is suggested for the interconversion of in vitro and in vivo dipyridamole concentrations that provide equivalent levels of free drug.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine