The dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV (DP IV) inhibitor Diprotin A produces a full, dose-dependent, short-lasting and naloxone-reversible analgesia in the rat tail-flick test when given intracerebroventricularly, with an ED50 of 295 nmol/rat but it has no direct opioid agonist activity in the longitudinal muscle strip of guinea-pig ileum bioassay. Two of the potential DP IV substrates, morphiceptin and endomorphin 1, identified recently in bovine brain were also analgesic given by similar route. The action of endomorphin 1 was more potent (ED50 = 7.9 nmol/rat) and slightly but significantly more sustained than that of Diprotin A. Diprotin A neither potentiated nor prolonged the effect of a marginally analgesic dose of endomorphin 1. The distinct time course and the lack of potentiation indicate that in the analgesic effect of Diprotin A in rats the protection of a brain Tyr-Pro- peptide other than endomorphin 1 is involved.
- Diprotin A
- Guinea-pig ileum
- Mouse vas deferens
- Opioid analgesia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)