Dihydropyridine-sensitive initial component of the ANG II-induced Ca2+ response in rat adrenal glomerulosa cells

L. Hunyady, T. Rohacs, A. Bago, F. Deak, A. Spät

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Abstract

The Ca2+ signal induced by an increase in extracellular K+ concentration from 3.6 to 5.6 mM or angiotensin II (ANG II) was inhibited by the dihydropyridine (DHP) Ca2+ channel blocker, nifedipine, and enhanced by the DHP Ca2+ channel agonist, BAY K 8644. The DHP sensitivity of the ANG II-induced Ca2+ response was already detectable during the peak phase, suggesting that the DHP receptor plays an important role during the initial phase of ANG II stimulation. K+ and ANG II stimulated a nifedipine- sensitive Mn2+ influx pathway, further promoting the role of a DHP receptor in their mechanism of action. Fluorescent membrane potential measurements showed that, in contrast to the rapid depolarization induced by K+, the ANG II-induced depolarization had a lag time of > 30 s. The slow kinetics of depolarization compared with the immediate effect of ANG II on Mn2+ influx and the DHP sensitivity of the initial Ca2+ peak indicates that ANG II initiates the activation of the DHP-sensitive Ca2+ channel by a mechanism other than depolarization.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume266
Issue number1 35-1
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Zona Glomerulosa
Angiotensin II
Rats
Depolarization
L-Type Calcium Channels
Nifedipine
1,4-dihydropyridine
Membrane Potentials
Chemical activation
Membranes
Kinetics

Keywords

  • calcium signal
  • manganese influx
  • membrane potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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abstract = "The Ca2+ signal induced by an increase in extracellular K+ concentration from 3.6 to 5.6 mM or angiotensin II (ANG II) was inhibited by the dihydropyridine (DHP) Ca2+ channel blocker, nifedipine, and enhanced by the DHP Ca2+ channel agonist, BAY K 8644. The DHP sensitivity of the ANG II-induced Ca2+ response was already detectable during the peak phase, suggesting that the DHP receptor plays an important role during the initial phase of ANG II stimulation. K+ and ANG II stimulated a nifedipine- sensitive Mn2+ influx pathway, further promoting the role of a DHP receptor in their mechanism of action. Fluorescent membrane potential measurements showed that, in contrast to the rapid depolarization induced by K+, the ANG II-induced depolarization had a lag time of > 30 s. The slow kinetics of depolarization compared with the immediate effect of ANG II on Mn2+ influx and the DHP sensitivity of the initial Ca2+ peak indicates that ANG II initiates the activation of the DHP-sensitive Ca2+ channel by a mechanism other than depolarization.",
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year = "1994",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Dihydropyridine-sensitive initial component of the ANG II-induced Ca2+ response in rat adrenal glomerulosa cells

AU - Hunyady, L.

AU - Rohacs, T.

AU - Bago, A.

AU - Deak, F.

AU - Spät, A.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - The Ca2+ signal induced by an increase in extracellular K+ concentration from 3.6 to 5.6 mM or angiotensin II (ANG II) was inhibited by the dihydropyridine (DHP) Ca2+ channel blocker, nifedipine, and enhanced by the DHP Ca2+ channel agonist, BAY K 8644. The DHP sensitivity of the ANG II-induced Ca2+ response was already detectable during the peak phase, suggesting that the DHP receptor plays an important role during the initial phase of ANG II stimulation. K+ and ANG II stimulated a nifedipine- sensitive Mn2+ influx pathway, further promoting the role of a DHP receptor in their mechanism of action. Fluorescent membrane potential measurements showed that, in contrast to the rapid depolarization induced by K+, the ANG II-induced depolarization had a lag time of > 30 s. The slow kinetics of depolarization compared with the immediate effect of ANG II on Mn2+ influx and the DHP sensitivity of the initial Ca2+ peak indicates that ANG II initiates the activation of the DHP-sensitive Ca2+ channel by a mechanism other than depolarization.

AB - The Ca2+ signal induced by an increase in extracellular K+ concentration from 3.6 to 5.6 mM or angiotensin II (ANG II) was inhibited by the dihydropyridine (DHP) Ca2+ channel blocker, nifedipine, and enhanced by the DHP Ca2+ channel agonist, BAY K 8644. The DHP sensitivity of the ANG II-induced Ca2+ response was already detectable during the peak phase, suggesting that the DHP receptor plays an important role during the initial phase of ANG II stimulation. K+ and ANG II stimulated a nifedipine- sensitive Mn2+ influx pathway, further promoting the role of a DHP receptor in their mechanism of action. Fluorescent membrane potential measurements showed that, in contrast to the rapid depolarization induced by K+, the ANG II-induced depolarization had a lag time of > 30 s. The slow kinetics of depolarization compared with the immediate effect of ANG II on Mn2+ influx and the DHP sensitivity of the initial Ca2+ peak indicates that ANG II initiates the activation of the DHP-sensitive Ca2+ channel by a mechanism other than depolarization.

KW - calcium signal

KW - manganese influx

KW - membrane potential

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VL - 266

JO - American Journal of Physiology

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