Diglycosyl diselenides alter redox homeostasis and glucose consumption of infective African trypanosomes

Jaime Franco, Florencia Sardi, László Szilágyi, K. Kövér, Krisztina Fehér, Marcelo A. Comini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the aim to develop compounds able to target multiple metabolic pathways and, thus, to lower the chances of drug resistance, we investigated the anti-trypanosomal activity and selectivity of a series of symmetric diglycosyl diselenides and disulfides. Of 18 compounds tested the fully acetylated forms of di-β-D-glucopyranosyl and di-β-D-galactopyranosyl diselenides (13 and 15, respectively) displayed strong growth inhibition against the bloodstream stage of African trypanosomes (EC50 0.54 μM for 13 and 1.49 μM for 15) although with rather low selectivity (SI < 10 assayed with murine macrophages). Nonacetylated versions of the same sugar diselenides proved to be, however, much less efficient or completely inactive to suppress trypanosome growth. Significantly, the galactosyl (15), and to a minor extent the glucosyl (13), derivative inhibited glucose catabolism but not its uptake. Both compounds induced redox unbalance in the pathogen. In vitro NMR analysis indicated that diglycosyl diselenides react with glutathione, under physiological conditions, via formation of selenenylsulfide bonds. Our results suggest that non-specific cellular targets as well as actors of the glucose and the redox metabolism of the parasite may be affected. These molecules are therefore promising leads for the development of novel multitarget antitrypanosomal agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-313
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • Glutathione
  • Redox biosensor
  • Selenium NMR
  • Selenosugar
  • Trypanosome inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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