Equilibrium and non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations are applied to obtain the diffusion coefficient and electric conductivity of ions in dilute electrolytes confined in neutral cylindrical pores. The electrolyte is described with the restricted primitive model and the wall of the pore is modelled as a soft wall. The equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations show that the axial diffusion coefficient of ions decreases with increasing confinement. For a fixed pore radius the diffusion coefficient decreases with increasing number density of the ions. The current response of the system to an applied electric field is maintained at constant temperature by Gaussian isokinetic equations of motion, and at constant concentration by periodic boundary conditions with recycling of ions in the axial direction. The electric conductivity is calculated from the current density and the electric field applied for different pore sizes. In contrast to the trend in diffusivity, conductivity increases slightly in smaller pores. For a very small pore, however, conductivity is lower than the bulk, because oppositely charged ions moving in opposite directions under the electric field cannot avoid collisions with each other in a narrow channel.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry