Differentiating the levels of risk for muscle dysmorphia among Hungarian male weightlifters: A factor mixture modeling approach

Bernadett Babusa, Edit Czeglédi, Ferenc Túry, Stephen B. Mayville, Róbert Urbán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a body image disturbance characterized by a pathological preoccupation with muscularity. The study aimed to differentiate the levels of risk for MD among weightlifters and to define a tentative cut-off score for the Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale (MASS) for the identification of high risk MD cases. Hungarian male weightlifters (n= 304) completed the MASS, the Exercise Addiction Inventory, and specific exercise and body image related questions. For the differentiation of MD, factor mixture modeling was performed, resulting in three independent groups: low-, moderate-, and high risk MD groups. The estimated prevalence of high risk MD in this sample of weightlifters was 15.1%. To determine a cut-off score for the MASS, sensitivity and specificity analyses were performed and a cut-off point of 63 was suggested. The proposed cut-off score for the MASS can be useful for the early detection of high risk MD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalBody Image
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015



  • Cut-off value
  • Factor mixture modeling
  • Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale
  • Muscle dysmorphia
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Weightlifters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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