Differentially expressed epigenome modifiers, including aurora kinases A and b, in immune cells in rheumatoid arthritis in humans and mouse models

Tibor T. Glant, Timea Besenyei, András Kádár, Júlia Kurkó, Beata Tryniszewska, János Gál, Györgyi Soós, Zoltán Szekanecz, Gyula Hoffmann, Joel A. Block, Robert S. Katz, Katalin Mikecz, Tibor A. Rauch

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To identify epigenetic factors that are implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to explore the therapeutic potential of the targeted inhibition of these factors. Methods Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) arrays were used to investigate the expression profile of genes that encode key epigenetic regulator enzymes. Mononuclear cells from RA patients and mice were monitored for gene expression changes, in association with arthritis development in murine models of RA. Selected genes were further characterized by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, Western blot, and flow cytometry methods. The targeted inhibition of the up-regulated enzymes was studied in arthritic mice. Results A set of genes with arthritis-specific expression was identified by the PCR arrays. Aurora kinases A and B, both of which were highly expressed in arthritic mice and treatment-naive RA patients, were selected for detailed analysis. Elevated aurora kinase expression was accompanied by increased phosphorylation of histone H3, which promotes proliferation of T lymphocytes. Treatment with VX-680, a pan-aurora kinase inhibitor, promoted B cell apoptosis, provided significant protection against disease onset, and attenuated inflammatory reactions in arthritic mice. Conclusion Arthritis development is accompanied by changes in expression of a number of epigenome-modifying enzymes. Drug-induced down-regulation of the aurora kinases, among other targets, seems to be sufficient to treat experimental arthritis. Development of new therapeutics that target aurora kinases can potentially improve RA management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1725-1735
Number of pages11
JournalArthritis and Rheumatism
Volume65
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Glant, T. T., Besenyei, T., Kádár, A., Kurkó, J., Tryniszewska, B., Gál, J., Soós, G., Szekanecz, Z., Hoffmann, G., Block, J. A., Katz, R. S., Mikecz, K., & Rauch, T. A. (2013). Differentially expressed epigenome modifiers, including aurora kinases A and b, in immune cells in rheumatoid arthritis in humans and mouse models. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 65(7), 1725-1735. https://doi.org/10.1002/art.37986