We have previously reported that polypeptide growth factors had an anti-inflammatory effect by decreasing the cytokine-enhanced expression of factor B (FB), an activator of the alternative complement pathway, in human fibroblasts. To further characterize the role of cytokines and growth factors in the inflammatory/repair continuum, we have studied the effects of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) on the expression of metalloproteinases/antiproteinases of the extracellular matrix in cultured human fibroblasts. Co-incubation of IL-1 and PDGF synergistically increased the expression of stromelysin and interstitial collagenase to 23-fold (for both proteins) over background, while PDGF decreased the IL-1-enhanced expression of FB by 82%. PDGF, but not IL-1, alone or in combination, increased the synthesis of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases. RNA blot analysis indicated that the changes in protein synthesis were regulated at a pretranslational level. Cycloheximide treatment indicated that the effects of PDGF on the metalloproteinases/antiproteinases were not protein-dependent, in contrast to results obtained for FB. The effect of the three dimeric forms of PDGF (AA, AB, and BB) on the synthesis of metalloproteinases and FB was also analyzed. The effects were qualitatively similar for each of the dimeric forms; however, the BB and AB isoforms had considerably greater effects than PDGF-AA. It has been reported that the PDGF receptors found in human fibroblasts have higher binding affinity for the BB and AB isoforms of the growth factor. The results presented in this paper are in accord with the possibility that differences in the biological activity of the three isoforms of PDGF are due to differences in the number or affinity of the binding sites of the target cells, rather than to different activation pathways of the receptor. Thus, PDGF increased cytokine effects on metalloproteinases, while decreasing cytokine effects on complement activator FB. The net effect of these changes may be to decrease inflammation and enhance remodeling early in repair and to enhance matrix stability later in the repair process.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 23 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology