Differential platelet deposition onto collagen in cone-and-plate and parallel plate flow chambers

Mariann Szarvas, Peter Oparaugo, Miklós L. Udvardy, Judit Tóth, Tímea Szántó, Lajos Daróczi, György Vereb, Jolán Hársfalvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To routinely test the formation of thrombi and the effect of drugs modifying it, proper test systems are needed. Their design should rely on the laws of rheology and the physiology of laminar flow. To best model physiological or pathological shear conditions, parallel/linear and rotational type flow chambers are developed. We have compared the initial phase of platelet thrombus formation in a parallel plate flow chamber (PPC) and a cone-and-plate chamber (CPC) under von Willebrand dependent shear conditions. Blood was allowed to flow through human collagen type III surfaces at a shear rate of 1000 s-1 for 150 s. Thrombus deposition was characterized by surface coverage, average area and height of thrombi. VWF distribution within thrombi was analyzed with confocal laser scanning microscopy. Reduced surface-specific platelet adhesion and aggregation (surface coverage and average thrombus size) were observed in CPC along with a significant increase in single platelet disappearance from the circulating blood. Our data suggest that the higher rate of platelet consumption in this device, as opposed to PPC, is limiting the adhesion to the surface. Consequently, surface-specific processes and aggregation in the flowing blood are both assessed using CPC, while comprehensive evaluation of surface-specific processes is best achieved with PPC. Therefore, the choice of chamber type as a diagnostic tool is purpose-dependent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-190
Number of pages6
JournalPlatelets
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2006

Keywords

  • Aggregation
  • Flow-chambers
  • Platelet adhesion
  • Thrombus formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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