Differential modulation of the human liver conjugate transporters MRP2 and MRP3 by bile acids and organic anions

Adrienn Bodsó, Éva Bakos, Flóra Szeri, András Váradi, Balázs Sarkadi

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Abstract

The multidrug resistance proteins MRP2 (ABCC2) and MRP3 (ABCC3) are key primary active transporters involved in anionic conjugate and drug extrusion from the human liver. The major physiological role of MRP2 is to transport conjugated metabolites into the bile canaliculus, whereas MRP3 is localized in the basolateral membrane of the hepatocytes and transports similar metabolites back to the bloodstream. Both proteins were shown to interact with a large variety of transported substrates, and earlier studies suggested that MRPs may work as co-transporters for different molecules. In the present study we expressed the human MRP2 and MRP3 proteins in insect cells and examined their transport and ATPase characteristics in isolated, inside-out membrane vesicles. We found that the primary active transport of estradiol-17-β-D-glucuronide (E217βG), a major product of human steroid metabolism, was differently modulated by bile acids and organic anions in the case of human MRP2 and MRP3. Active E217βG transport by MRP2 was significantly stimulated by the organic anions indomethacin, furosemide, and probenecid and by several conjugated bile acids. In contrast, all of these agents inhibited E217βG transport by MRP3. We found that in the case of MRP2, ATP-dependent vesicular bile acid transport was increased by E217βG, and the results indicated an allosteric cross-stimulation, probably a cotransport of bile acids and glucuronate conjugates through this protein. There was no such stimulation of bile acid transport by MRP3. In conclusion, the different transport modulation of MRPs by bile acids and anionic drugs could play a major role in regulating physiological and pathological metabolite fluxes in the human liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23529-23537
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 27 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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