Differential expression of the c-fos protein and synaptophysin in zebrin II positive and zebrin II negative cerebellar cortical areas in 4-aminopyridine seizures

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Abstract

The present study examined temporal activation patterns of rat cerebellar cortical neurons in 4-aminopyridine induced seizures, using c-fos protein as a marker of neuronal activity. C-fos-containing cells were counted in each cerebellar cortical layer, and cell count was compared between zebrin II positive and zebrin II negative bands of the lobules of the vermis and cerebellar hemispheres. We found significant activation of granule cells and interneurons of the molecular layer in zebrin II positive bands. The Purkinje cells, in contrast, exhibited non-significant, scattered c-fos immunoreactivity across all bands. Fluctuation of synaptophysin expression in the mossy fibre rosettes of the granular layer was determined via light microscopic immunohistochemistry. We detected a transient, significant decrease in synaptophysin staining density following 4-aminopyridine seizures, which may indicate short-term synaptic depression. We also identified different timing of increased c-fos expression in the neurons of the cerebellar cortex in different cortical zones. In particular, the activation pattern of the interneurons of the molecular layer reflected the climbing fibre distribution, reflecting the zonal olivo-cortico-nuclear organization. Seizure-induced activation of the granule cells corresponded with the zebrin II positive zones. This observation raises the possibility that zebrin II positive compartments may be more susceptible to cerebellar convulsions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-250
Number of pages13
JournalActa neurobiologiae experimentalis
Volume79
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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