Differential contractile responsiveness of femoral arteries from healthy and diabetic dogs

Role of endothelium

D. Gebremedhin, M. Z. Koltai, G. Pogatsa, K. Magyar, P. Hadházy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Phenylephrine-induced contraction and acetylcholine-induced relaxation of isolated femoral arterial strips (with and without endothelium) of diabetic (alloxan-treated) and metabolically healthy dogs were determined. Alloxan treatment did not change the contractile responsiveness to phenylephrine (PE) of the arteries with intact endothelium. After mechanical removal of the endothelial layer, however, the maximum force generated by the diabetic vessels (22.0 ± 2.0 mN.m-2) significantly exceeded the maximum contraction produced by the nondiabetic arteries (14.6 ± 1.8 nM.m-2). The dose-response curve of diabetic arteries to PE was steeper than it was in non-diabetic strips. The EC50 values for PE were similar in these two groups (0.45 ± 0.12 and 0.58 ± 0.20 μmol/l in diabetic and nondiabetic vessels, respectively). In the arteries with intact endothelium, acetylcholine produced concentration-related reduction of PE-induced tone. This endothelium-dependent relaxant activity of acetylcholine was similar in the healthy and diabetic arterial strips, IC50 for acetylcholine being 0.17 ± 0.02 and 0.20 ± 0.03 μmol/l, respectively. These results suggest that functional alteration of endothelium (probably an increased release of EDRF) prevails in diabetes. This may be important in reducing the hyper-responsiveness of diabetic arterial smooth muscle to PE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-108
Number of pages9
JournalArchives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie
Volume288
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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Phenylephrine
Femoral Artery
Endothelium
Dogs
Acetylcholine
Arteries
Alloxan
Thigh
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Smooth Muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Differential contractile responsiveness of femoral arteries from healthy and diabetic dogs : Role of endothelium. / Gebremedhin, D.; Koltai, M. Z.; Pogatsa, G.; Magyar, K.; Hadházy, P.

In: Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie, Vol. 288, No. 1, 1987, p. 100-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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