Different drinking motives, different adverse consequences? Evidence among adolescents from 10 European countries

Matthias Wicki, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Yvonne Eichenberger, Katrin Aasvee, Pernille Bendtsen, Zuzana Dankulincová Veselská, Z. Demetrovics, Anna Dzielska, J. Farkas, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Chris Roberts, Jorma Tynjälä, Raili Välimaa, Alessio Vieno

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction and Aim. This study, which builds on previous research demonstrating that drinking motives are associated with adverse consequences, investigates the associations between drinking motives and non-alcohol-attributed adverse consequences and disentangles alcohol-related and direct effects. Design and Method. On the basis of a sample of 22 841 alcohol-using 13- to 16-year-olds (50.6% female) from Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Portugal, Scotland, Slovakia, Switzerland and Wales, structural equation models were used to estimate direct and indirect effects. Additionally, differences across countries were tested in a multigroup analysis. Results. The indirect effect (via alcohol use) was greater for injuries and academic problems than for more general outcomes such as life dissatisfaction and negative body image. For social, enhancement and coping motives, we found positive indirect effects (via alcohol use) on injuries and academic problems; the association was negative for conformity motives. The direct effect, that is, the effect above and beyond alcohol use, indicated more negative consequences among those who tended to drink more frequently for coping motives. More negative consequences, such as injuries and negative body image, were also found among those who drink for conformity motives. The pattern of association was largely comparable across countries. Discussion and Conclusion. While the actual mean level of drinking motives, alcohol use and adverse consequence varied across countries, the consistency of association patterns implies that drinking motive-inspired health promotion efforts are likely to be beneficial across Europe. This is particularly important for coping drinkers because they are especially prone to adverse consequences over and above their alcohol use. [Wicki M, Kuntsche E, Eichenberger Y, Aasvee K, Bendtsen P, Dankulincová Veselská Z, Demetrovics Z, Dzielska A, Farkas J, de Matos MG, Roberts C, Tynjälä J, Välimaa R, Vieno A. Different drinking motives, different adverse consequences? Evidence among adolescents from 10 European countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-741
Number of pages11
JournalDrug and Alcohol Review
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

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Keywords

  • adolescence
  • adverse consequence
  • alcohol use
  • cross-cultural study
  • drinking motive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Wicki, M., Kuntsche, E., Eichenberger, Y., Aasvee, K., Bendtsen, P., Dankulincová Veselská, Z., Demetrovics, Z., Dzielska, A., Farkas, J., de Matos, M. G., Roberts, C., Tynjälä, J., Välimaa, R., & Vieno, A. (2017). Different drinking motives, different adverse consequences? Evidence among adolescents from 10 European countries. Drug and Alcohol Review, 36(6), 731-741. https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12572