Differences in histological and physiological traits of ozone sensitive and resistant bean strains

Vanda Villányi, Helga Déri, Evelin R. Péli, Zsolt Csintalan

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Abstract

An examination of possible histological causes of differences in ozone sensitivity between ozone sensitive (R123) and resistant (S156) Phaseolus vulgaris strains was carried out. A distinction between the causes and effects of ozone sensitivity was also performed. We studied several morphological and histological traits, which included stomata number and size and also looked at different cell characteristics, such as stomatal index; leaf tissue thickness, fraction and gaseous conductance of intercellular air spaces. Together with this, we made gas-exchange measurements and found inner CO2 levels to be higher in the ozone sensitive strain. We also found several quantitative morphological parameters between the two strains to be initially different, however, these differences changed after exposure to summer climate and ozone. Stomatal function between the two strains was also differently altered by the pollutant, which was apparent from differences in stomatal openness when investigated in summer. According to our histological data, epidermal cells of the ozone sensitive strain grew larger on leaves that developed after exposure to cumulative considerable phytotoxic ozone doses; moderately decreasing the number of stomata and epidermal cells per mm2 epidermal area despite the originally higher number of epidermal cells in sensitive plants. Cross sections of injured sensitive leaves revealed disorganisation of mesophyllum tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-397
Number of pages12
JournalCentral European Journal of Biology
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 19 2013

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Keywords

  • CO exchange
  • Leaf morphology
  • Ozone sensitivity
  • Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Stomatal index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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