Dietary survey in Hungary, 2009. Part I. Macronutrients, alcohol, caffeine, fibre

M. Szeitz-Szabó, L. Bíró, Gy Bíró, J. Sali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 2009 Hungarian Food Safety Office (HFSO) performed a countrywide representative dietary survey to obtain food consumption data for quantitative food safety risk assessment utilizable in the field of public health nutrition as well. The consumption of foodstuffs, daily energy- and nutrient intakes, nutritional habits and dietary supplement usage of Hungarian population was assessed. The complex system has included three-day dietary record and a food consumption frequency questionnaire. Some anthropometric parameters were also self-recorded. According to the body mass index, a considerable proportion of both the 31-60 years old males (69%) and females (46%) were overweight or obese. The energy intake of the Hungarian adult population is slightly exceeds the recommendation. The intake of proteins is satisfactory in general. The average intake of total fats is very high (36.1-38.9 energy percent), and the fatty acid composition - mostly the ratio of n-6/n-3 fatty acids - is unfavourable, but the fatty acid pattern regarding saturated- (SFA), mono- (MUFA) and polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acid ratio shows favourable tendency. The proportion of complex carbohydrates within the intake of energy providing macronutrients is far lower than the optimal level, but it is a positive finding that added sugar intake is below the outmost recommendation. The average daily cholesterol intake is high (males: 469 mg, females: 335 mg), whilst the dietary fibre intake is lower than the recommended. The article provides data on alcohol, caffeine and fibre consumption, too.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-152
Number of pages11
JournalActa Alimentaria
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2011

Fingerprint

dietary surveys
Hungary
caffeine
Caffeine
Energy Intake
energy intake
dietary fiber
alcohols
Food Safety
Alcohols
Food
food consumption
food safety
Fatty Acids
fatty acid composition
Diet Records
omega-6 fatty acids
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Dietary Fiber
Dietary Supplements

Keywords

  • cholesterol intake
  • energy intake
  • fatty acid pattern
  • food consumption
  • nutrient intake
  • nutrition survey
  • risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Dietary survey in Hungary, 2009. Part I. Macronutrients, alcohol, caffeine, fibre. / Szeitz-Szabó, M.; Bíró, L.; Bíró, Gy; Sali, J.

In: Acta Alimentaria, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.03.2011, p. 142-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Szeitz-Szabó, M. ; Bíró, L. ; Bíró, Gy ; Sali, J. / Dietary survey in Hungary, 2009. Part I. Macronutrients, alcohol, caffeine, fibre. In: Acta Alimentaria. 2011 ; Vol. 40, No. 1. pp. 142-152.
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