Dietary Patterns and Their Relationship With the Perceptions of Healthy Eating in European Adolescents

The HELENA Study

On Behalf Of The Helena Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns (DPs) in European adolescents and to examine the association between perceptions of healthy eating and the obtained DPs. Method: A multinational cross-sectional study was carried out in adolescents aged 12.5 to 17.5 years and 2,027 (44.9% males) were considered for analysis. A self-reported questionnaire with information on food choices and preferences, including perceptions of healthy eating, and two 24-hour dietary recalls were used. Principal component analysis was used to obtain sex-specific DPs, and linear analyses of covariance were used to compare DPs according to perceptions of healthy eating. Results: Three and four DPs for boys and girls were obtained. In boys and girls, there were significant associations between some perceptions about healthy food and the Breakfast-DP (p < 0.05). In boys, Breakfast-DP and Healthy Beverage-DP were associated with the perception of the own diet as healthy (p < 0.05). Healthy Beverage-DP was associated with those disliking fruits and vegetables (p < 0.05). Girls considering the own diet as healthy were associated with Mediterranean-DP, Breakfast-DP, and Unhealthy Beverage and Meat-DP (p < 0.05). The perception of snacking as a necessary part of a healthy diet was associated with Breakfast-DP in both genders (p < 0.05). Conclusions: In European adolescents, perceptions of healthy eating were mainly associated with a DP characterized by foods consumed at breakfast. Future studies should further explore these findings in order to implement health promotion programs to improve healthy eating habits in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American College of Nutrition
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Breakfast
Beverages
Food Preferences
Food
Snacks
Healthy Diet
Feeding Behavior
Principal Component Analysis
Health Promotion
Vegetables
Meat
Fruit
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • Dietary patterns
  • food choices
  • food preferences
  • perceptions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

@article{d762a61d69aa4406aad9c1b9fb60f7f9,
title = "Dietary Patterns and Their Relationship With the Perceptions of Healthy Eating in European Adolescents: The HELENA Study",
abstract = "Objective: The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns (DPs) in European adolescents and to examine the association between perceptions of healthy eating and the obtained DPs. Method: A multinational cross-sectional study was carried out in adolescents aged 12.5 to 17.5 years and 2,027 (44.9{\%} males) were considered for analysis. A self-reported questionnaire with information on food choices and preferences, including perceptions of healthy eating, and two 24-hour dietary recalls were used. Principal component analysis was used to obtain sex-specific DPs, and linear analyses of covariance were used to compare DPs according to perceptions of healthy eating. Results: Three and four DPs for boys and girls were obtained. In boys and girls, there were significant associations between some perceptions about healthy food and the Breakfast-DP (p < 0.05). In boys, Breakfast-DP and Healthy Beverage-DP were associated with the perception of the own diet as healthy (p < 0.05). Healthy Beverage-DP was associated with those disliking fruits and vegetables (p < 0.05). Girls considering the own diet as healthy were associated with Mediterranean-DP, Breakfast-DP, and Unhealthy Beverage and Meat-DP (p < 0.05). The perception of snacking as a necessary part of a healthy diet was associated with Breakfast-DP in both genders (p < 0.05). Conclusions: In European adolescents, perceptions of healthy eating were mainly associated with a DP characterized by foods consumed at breakfast. Future studies should further explore these findings in order to implement health promotion programs to improve healthy eating habits in adolescents.",
keywords = "adolescents, Dietary patterns, food choices, food preferences, perceptions",
author = "{On Behalf Of The Helena Study Group} and Natalia Gim{\'e}nez-Legarre and Santaliestra-Pas{\'i}as, {Alba M.} and Laurent Beghin and Jean Dallongeville and {de la O}, Alejandro and Chantal Gilbert and Marcela Gonz{\'a}lez-Gross and {De Henauw}, Stefaan and Anthony Kafatos and Mathilde Kersting and Catherine Leclerq and Yannis Manios and D. Moln{\'a}r and Michael Sj{\"o}str{\"o}m and Kurt Widhalm and Inge Huybrechts and Moreno, {Luis A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/07315724.2019.1598900",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of the American College of Nutrition",
issn = "0731-5724",
publisher = "American College Of Nutrition",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary Patterns and Their Relationship With the Perceptions of Healthy Eating in European Adolescents

T2 - The HELENA Study

AU - On Behalf Of The Helena Study Group

AU - Giménez-Legarre, Natalia

AU - Santaliestra-Pasías, Alba M.

AU - Beghin, Laurent

AU - Dallongeville, Jean

AU - de la O, Alejandro

AU - Gilbert, Chantal

AU - González-Gross, Marcela

AU - De Henauw, Stefaan

AU - Kafatos, Anthony

AU - Kersting, Mathilde

AU - Leclerq, Catherine

AU - Manios, Yannis

AU - Molnár, D.

AU - Sjöström, Michael

AU - Widhalm, Kurt

AU - Huybrechts, Inge

AU - Moreno, Luis A.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns (DPs) in European adolescents and to examine the association between perceptions of healthy eating and the obtained DPs. Method: A multinational cross-sectional study was carried out in adolescents aged 12.5 to 17.5 years and 2,027 (44.9% males) were considered for analysis. A self-reported questionnaire with information on food choices and preferences, including perceptions of healthy eating, and two 24-hour dietary recalls were used. Principal component analysis was used to obtain sex-specific DPs, and linear analyses of covariance were used to compare DPs according to perceptions of healthy eating. Results: Three and four DPs for boys and girls were obtained. In boys and girls, there were significant associations between some perceptions about healthy food and the Breakfast-DP (p < 0.05). In boys, Breakfast-DP and Healthy Beverage-DP were associated with the perception of the own diet as healthy (p < 0.05). Healthy Beverage-DP was associated with those disliking fruits and vegetables (p < 0.05). Girls considering the own diet as healthy were associated with Mediterranean-DP, Breakfast-DP, and Unhealthy Beverage and Meat-DP (p < 0.05). The perception of snacking as a necessary part of a healthy diet was associated with Breakfast-DP in both genders (p < 0.05). Conclusions: In European adolescents, perceptions of healthy eating were mainly associated with a DP characterized by foods consumed at breakfast. Future studies should further explore these findings in order to implement health promotion programs to improve healthy eating habits in adolescents.

AB - Objective: The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns (DPs) in European adolescents and to examine the association between perceptions of healthy eating and the obtained DPs. Method: A multinational cross-sectional study was carried out in adolescents aged 12.5 to 17.5 years and 2,027 (44.9% males) were considered for analysis. A self-reported questionnaire with information on food choices and preferences, including perceptions of healthy eating, and two 24-hour dietary recalls were used. Principal component analysis was used to obtain sex-specific DPs, and linear analyses of covariance were used to compare DPs according to perceptions of healthy eating. Results: Three and four DPs for boys and girls were obtained. In boys and girls, there were significant associations between some perceptions about healthy food and the Breakfast-DP (p < 0.05). In boys, Breakfast-DP and Healthy Beverage-DP were associated with the perception of the own diet as healthy (p < 0.05). Healthy Beverage-DP was associated with those disliking fruits and vegetables (p < 0.05). Girls considering the own diet as healthy were associated with Mediterranean-DP, Breakfast-DP, and Unhealthy Beverage and Meat-DP (p < 0.05). The perception of snacking as a necessary part of a healthy diet was associated with Breakfast-DP in both genders (p < 0.05). Conclusions: In European adolescents, perceptions of healthy eating were mainly associated with a DP characterized by foods consumed at breakfast. Future studies should further explore these findings in order to implement health promotion programs to improve healthy eating habits in adolescents.

KW - adolescents

KW - Dietary patterns

KW - food choices

KW - food preferences

KW - perceptions

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