Diet of wolves Canis lupus returning to Hungary

J. Lanszki, Márta Márkus, Dóra Újváry, Ádám Szabó, László Szemethy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At the end of the nineteenth century, the wolf Canis lupus was extinct in Hungary and in recent decades has returned to the northern highland area of the country. The diet of wolves living in groups in Aggteleki National Park was investigated using scat analysis (n = 81 scats) and prey remains (n = 31 carcasses). Throughout the year wolves (average, minimum two wolves per year) consumed mostly wild-living ungulates (mean percent of biomass consumed, B% 97.2%; relative frequency of occurrence, %O 74.0%). The wild boar Sus scrofa was the most common prey item found in wolf scat (%B 35.6%) and is also the most commonly occurring ungulate in the study areas. The second most commonly occurring prey item in wolf scat was red deer Cervus elaphus (B% 32.8%). Conversely, prey remain analyses revealed wild boar as the second most commonly utilised prey species (%O 16.1%) after red deer (%O 67.7%). The roe deer Capreolus capreolus that occurs at lower population densities was the third most commonly utilised prey species. The importance of low population density mouflon Ovis aries, livestock and other food types was low. The results are similar to those found in the northern part of the Carpathian Mountains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-193
Number of pages5
JournalActa Theriologica
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Fingerprint

Canis lupus
wolves
Hungary
feces
deer
ungulate
diet
population density
Cervus elaphus
Capreolus capreolus
wild boars
ungulates
nineteenth century
livestock
national park
mouflon
mountain
food
Sus scrofa
biomass

Keywords

  • Hungary
  • Predation
  • Prey
  • Scat analysis
  • Ungulate
  • Wolf

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Lanszki, J., Márkus, M., Újváry, D., Szabó, Á., & Szemethy, L. (2012). Diet of wolves Canis lupus returning to Hungary. Acta Theriologica, 57(2), 189-193. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13364-011-0063-8

Diet of wolves Canis lupus returning to Hungary. / Lanszki, J.; Márkus, Márta; Újváry, Dóra; Szabó, Ádám; Szemethy, László.

In: Acta Theriologica, Vol. 57, No. 2, 04.2012, p. 189-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lanszki, J, Márkus, M, Újváry, D, Szabó, Á & Szemethy, L 2012, 'Diet of wolves Canis lupus returning to Hungary', Acta Theriologica, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 189-193. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13364-011-0063-8
Lanszki J, Márkus M, Újváry D, Szabó Á, Szemethy L. Diet of wolves Canis lupus returning to Hungary. Acta Theriologica. 2012 Apr;57(2):189-193. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13364-011-0063-8
Lanszki, J. ; Márkus, Márta ; Újváry, Dóra ; Szabó, Ádám ; Szemethy, László. / Diet of wolves Canis lupus returning to Hungary. In: Acta Theriologica. 2012 ; Vol. 57, No. 2. pp. 189-193.
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