Diet composition of the golden jackal, Canis aureus in an agricultural environment

Georgi Markov, J. Lanszki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diet composition of the golden jackal (Canis aureus, L.) in Bulgaria, where the largest jackal population in Europe occurs, has been studied by scat analysis in a typical and newly occupied agricultural environment. The study was carried out during late summer and early autumn, a period when small mammal density is high. The food of the jackal typically consisted of small-sized and wild-living prey species. Rodents have been found to represent the primary food of the jackal (biomass estimation: 59.3%, mainly Microtus spp.), and the European brown hare (Lepus europaeus, 20.1%) and plants (19.7%, mainly fruits) are secondary foods. Other prey, such as birds (mainly passerines), reptiles and invertebrates had been consumed in a low biomass ratio. No remains of wild ungulate and domestic animals have been detected in the studied scats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-48
Number of pages5
JournalFolia Zoologica
Volume61
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Fingerprint

jackals
diet
food
Lepus
Microtus
biomass
hares
Bulgaria
passerine
ungulate
small mammal
ungulates
small mammals
reptile
domestic animals
feces
rodent
reptiles
rodents
fruit

Keywords

  • Bulgaria
  • Feeding habits
  • Prey
  • Rodent
  • Scat analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Diet composition of the golden jackal, Canis aureus in an agricultural environment. / Markov, Georgi; Lanszki, J.

In: Folia Zoologica, Vol. 61, No. 1, 04.2012, p. 44-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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