Diagnostic Approaches for the Assessment of Equine Chronic Pulmonary Disorders

Orsolya Kutasi, Nandor Balogh, Zoltan Lajos, Krisztina Nagy, O. Szenci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Even though the respiratory system is one of the most accessible organs for diagnostic testing, it is not always easy to define chronic lower airway disease in the horse. Diagnostic procedures performed by first opinion veterinarians in the field are often restricted to taking the history and performing clinical examination. Respiratory tract endoscopy, tracheal or bronchoalveolar lavage, and blood sampling are sometimes used but other specific ancillary examinations are seldom performed in stable settings. Therefore, our objectives were to evaluate the diagnostic value of different techniques and examination types routinely used in the diagnostic workup of chronic equine lower airway cases in both stable and clinical circumstances. Another aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of different chronic pulmonary disorders among horses admitted to a Hungarian referral clinic. According to the conditional inference tree method, age of the horse, history, clinical examination, respiratory tract endoscopy, and bronchoalveolar lavage cytology proved to be the most valuable tools to define pathology. It was also concluded that in 22% of cases, more specific ancillary diagnostic modalities, unavailable for the field veterinarian, were needed to establish the final diagnosis. According to our study, the most frequently diagnosed chronic pulmonary disorders in Hungary are of noninfectious origin, principally recurrent airway obstruction. Regardless of the cause, and interestingly including recurrent airway obstruction as well, these diseases occur primarily during the warm months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-410
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Equine Veterinary Science
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

respiratory tract endoscopy
Respiratory System
respiratory tract diseases
Horses
Veterinarians
Bronchoalveolar Lavage
Airway Obstruction
horses
clinical examination
Lung
Endoscopy
veterinarians
History
Horse Diseases
horse diseases
history
Hungary
blood sampling
disease diagnosis
respiratory system

Keywords

  • Chronic pulmonary disorders
  • Conditional inference tree
  • Diagnostics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

Cite this

Diagnostic Approaches for the Assessment of Equine Chronic Pulmonary Disorders. / Kutasi, Orsolya; Balogh, Nandor; Lajos, Zoltan; Nagy, Krisztina; Szenci, O.

In: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, Vol. 31, No. 7, 07.2011, p. 400-410.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kutasi, Orsolya ; Balogh, Nandor ; Lajos, Zoltan ; Nagy, Krisztina ; Szenci, O. / Diagnostic Approaches for the Assessment of Equine Chronic Pulmonary Disorders. In: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. 2011 ; Vol. 31, No. 7. pp. 400-410.
@article{fdee9b679e2246c1b5c2b01049dcbe22,
title = "Diagnostic Approaches for the Assessment of Equine Chronic Pulmonary Disorders",
abstract = "Even though the respiratory system is one of the most accessible organs for diagnostic testing, it is not always easy to define chronic lower airway disease in the horse. Diagnostic procedures performed by first opinion veterinarians in the field are often restricted to taking the history and performing clinical examination. Respiratory tract endoscopy, tracheal or bronchoalveolar lavage, and blood sampling are sometimes used but other specific ancillary examinations are seldom performed in stable settings. Therefore, our objectives were to evaluate the diagnostic value of different techniques and examination types routinely used in the diagnostic workup of chronic equine lower airway cases in both stable and clinical circumstances. Another aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of different chronic pulmonary disorders among horses admitted to a Hungarian referral clinic. According to the conditional inference tree method, age of the horse, history, clinical examination, respiratory tract endoscopy, and bronchoalveolar lavage cytology proved to be the most valuable tools to define pathology. It was also concluded that in 22{\%} of cases, more specific ancillary diagnostic modalities, unavailable for the field veterinarian, were needed to establish the final diagnosis. According to our study, the most frequently diagnosed chronic pulmonary disorders in Hungary are of noninfectious origin, principally recurrent airway obstruction. Regardless of the cause, and interestingly including recurrent airway obstruction as well, these diseases occur primarily during the warm months.",
keywords = "Chronic pulmonary disorders, Conditional inference tree, Diagnostics",
author = "Orsolya Kutasi and Nandor Balogh and Zoltan Lajos and Krisztina Nagy and O. Szenci",
year = "2011",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.jevs.2011.03.018",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "400--410",
journal = "Journal of Equine Veterinary Science",
issn = "0737-0806",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diagnostic Approaches for the Assessment of Equine Chronic Pulmonary Disorders

AU - Kutasi, Orsolya

AU - Balogh, Nandor

AU - Lajos, Zoltan

AU - Nagy, Krisztina

AU - Szenci, O.

PY - 2011/7

Y1 - 2011/7

N2 - Even though the respiratory system is one of the most accessible organs for diagnostic testing, it is not always easy to define chronic lower airway disease in the horse. Diagnostic procedures performed by first opinion veterinarians in the field are often restricted to taking the history and performing clinical examination. Respiratory tract endoscopy, tracheal or bronchoalveolar lavage, and blood sampling are sometimes used but other specific ancillary examinations are seldom performed in stable settings. Therefore, our objectives were to evaluate the diagnostic value of different techniques and examination types routinely used in the diagnostic workup of chronic equine lower airway cases in both stable and clinical circumstances. Another aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of different chronic pulmonary disorders among horses admitted to a Hungarian referral clinic. According to the conditional inference tree method, age of the horse, history, clinical examination, respiratory tract endoscopy, and bronchoalveolar lavage cytology proved to be the most valuable tools to define pathology. It was also concluded that in 22% of cases, more specific ancillary diagnostic modalities, unavailable for the field veterinarian, were needed to establish the final diagnosis. According to our study, the most frequently diagnosed chronic pulmonary disorders in Hungary are of noninfectious origin, principally recurrent airway obstruction. Regardless of the cause, and interestingly including recurrent airway obstruction as well, these diseases occur primarily during the warm months.

AB - Even though the respiratory system is one of the most accessible organs for diagnostic testing, it is not always easy to define chronic lower airway disease in the horse. Diagnostic procedures performed by first opinion veterinarians in the field are often restricted to taking the history and performing clinical examination. Respiratory tract endoscopy, tracheal or bronchoalveolar lavage, and blood sampling are sometimes used but other specific ancillary examinations are seldom performed in stable settings. Therefore, our objectives were to evaluate the diagnostic value of different techniques and examination types routinely used in the diagnostic workup of chronic equine lower airway cases in both stable and clinical circumstances. Another aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of different chronic pulmonary disorders among horses admitted to a Hungarian referral clinic. According to the conditional inference tree method, age of the horse, history, clinical examination, respiratory tract endoscopy, and bronchoalveolar lavage cytology proved to be the most valuable tools to define pathology. It was also concluded that in 22% of cases, more specific ancillary diagnostic modalities, unavailable for the field veterinarian, were needed to establish the final diagnosis. According to our study, the most frequently diagnosed chronic pulmonary disorders in Hungary are of noninfectious origin, principally recurrent airway obstruction. Regardless of the cause, and interestingly including recurrent airway obstruction as well, these diseases occur primarily during the warm months.

KW - Chronic pulmonary disorders

KW - Conditional inference tree

KW - Diagnostics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79960029998&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79960029998&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jevs.2011.03.018

DO - 10.1016/j.jevs.2011.03.018

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:79960029998

VL - 31

SP - 400

EP - 410

JO - Journal of Equine Veterinary Science

JF - Journal of Equine Veterinary Science

SN - 0737-0806

IS - 7

ER -