Diagnosis and treatment of high-risk metastatic gestational trophoblastic neoplasia in Hungary

Vilmos Fülöp, Ivan Szigetvári, János Szepesi, Miklós Török, Ross S. Berkowitz

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To review results in treatment of high-risk metastatic gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) in Hungary. STUDY DESIGN: Between January 1,1977, and December 31, 2006, 142 patients with high-risk metastatic GTN were treated. Patients were 14-51 years of age (average 27,9). We selected primary chemotherapy based on patient GTN stage and prognostic score. RESULTS: Methotrexate, actinomycin-D and cyclophosphamide (MAC) as a primary therapy was used in 100 cases and as second-line chemotherapy in 6 cases. Of the 10O cases, 95 achieved complete remission. Twenty-one high-risk patients were treated with etoposide, high-dose methotrexate with folinic acid rescue, actinomycin-D, cydophosphamide and vincristine (EMA-CO). Of 17 primary therapies, 13 patients achieved complete remission. Primary cisplatin, etoposide and bleomycin (CEB) was successful in 12 of 14 high-risk cases. Hysterectomy was performed in 42 of 142 high-risk patients; metastases were resected in 26 of 142 of high-risk patients. Comparison of mean prognostic scores resulted in significant differences between CEB and MAC, CEB and EMA-CO and MAC and EMA-CO. CONCLUSION: Results support that patients with high-risk metastatic GTN should primarily be treated with combination chemotherapy. Our data support the effectiveness of MAC, EMA-CO and CEB regimens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-546
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Volume53
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia
  • Prognostic score
  • Staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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