Endometritis in the mare is generally classified into two groups which are the followings: endometritis catarrhalis acuta and endometritis catarrhalis chronica. Recently endometritis caused by multifactorial factors are grouped into four groups: venereal endometritis (sexually transmitted endometritis), persistent mating-induced endometritis, chronic endometritis and endometrial periglandular fibrosis (formerly termed chronic degenerative endometritis. Etiology, clinical findings, diagnosis and treatment of endometritis are discussed in detail. The importance of venereal endometritis (contagious equine metritis - CEM) is underlined because until recently it has not been described in Hungary. At the same time the working group isolated Bacteroides ureolyticus strains from the clitorial fossa of mares with vaginal discharge which strains closely resembled Taylorella equigenitalis. The two species can be differentiated because B. ureolyticus strains produce urease and cannot tolerate 10% oxigene, while T. equigenitalis strains are both urea negative and able to tolerate oxigene. The correct identification of the aetiologic agent is of special importance, because CEM needs special control measures and restrictions have to be introduced in order to prevent the spread of the disease, whereas infections due to anaerobes do not involve such consequences.
|Translated title of the contribution||Diagnosis and treatment of endometritis in the mare, review article|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas