Developments in breeding cereals for organic agriculture

M. S. Wolfe, J. P. Baresel, D. Desclaux, I. Goldringer, S. Hoad, G. Kovács, F. Löschenberger, T. Miedaner, H. Østergård, E. T. Lammerts Van Bueren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

191 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The need for increased sustainability of performance in cereal varieties, particularly in organic agriculture (OA), is limited by the lack of varieties adapted to organic conditions. Here, the needs for breeding are reviewed in the context of three major marketing types, global, regional, local, in European OA. Currently, the effort is determined, partly, by the outcomes from trials that compare varieties under OA and CA (conventional agriculture) conditions. The differences are sufficiently large and important to warrant an increase in appropriate breeding. The wide range of environments within OA and between years, underlines the need to try to select for specific adaptation in target environments. The difficulty of doing so can be helped by decentralised breeding with farmer participation and the use of crops buffered by variety mixtures or populations. Varieties for OA need efficient nutrient uptake and use and weed competition. These and other characters need to be considered in relation to the OA cropping system over the whole rotation. Positive interactions are needed, such as early crop vigour for nutrient uptake, weed competition and disease resistance. Incorporation of all characteristics into the crop can be helped by diversification within the crop, allowing complementation and compensation among plants. Although the problems of breeding cereals for organic farming systems are large, there is encouraging progress. This lies in applications of ecology to organic crop production, innovations in plant sciences, and the realisation that such progress is central to both OA and CA, because of climate change and the increasing costs of fossil fuels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-346
Number of pages24
JournalEuphytica
Volume163
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

Fingerprint

Organic Agriculture
organic production
Breeding
breeding
crop-weed competition
crops
Agriculture
nutrient uptake
Fossil Fuels
agriculture
variety trials
Disease Resistance
Edible Grain
Climate Change
fossil fuels
Marketing
Ecology
Compensation and Redress
crop production
disease resistance

Keywords

  • Crop diversity
  • Direct and indirect selection
  • Organic agriculture
  • Participatory plant breeding
  • Variety testing
  • Wide and specific adaptation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Wolfe, M. S., Baresel, J. P., Desclaux, D., Goldringer, I., Hoad, S., Kovács, G., ... Lammerts Van Bueren, E. T. (2008). Developments in breeding cereals for organic agriculture. Euphytica, 163(3), 323-346. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-008-9690-9

Developments in breeding cereals for organic agriculture. / Wolfe, M. S.; Baresel, J. P.; Desclaux, D.; Goldringer, I.; Hoad, S.; Kovács, G.; Löschenberger, F.; Miedaner, T.; Østergård, H.; Lammerts Van Bueren, E. T.

In: Euphytica, Vol. 163, No. 3, 10.2008, p. 323-346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wolfe, MS, Baresel, JP, Desclaux, D, Goldringer, I, Hoad, S, Kovács, G, Löschenberger, F, Miedaner, T, Østergård, H & Lammerts Van Bueren, ET 2008, 'Developments in breeding cereals for organic agriculture', Euphytica, vol. 163, no. 3, pp. 323-346. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-008-9690-9
Wolfe MS, Baresel JP, Desclaux D, Goldringer I, Hoad S, Kovács G et al. Developments in breeding cereals for organic agriculture. Euphytica. 2008 Oct;163(3):323-346. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-008-9690-9
Wolfe, M. S. ; Baresel, J. P. ; Desclaux, D. ; Goldringer, I. ; Hoad, S. ; Kovács, G. ; Löschenberger, F. ; Miedaner, T. ; Østergård, H. ; Lammerts Van Bueren, E. T. / Developments in breeding cereals for organic agriculture. In: Euphytica. 2008 ; Vol. 163, No. 3. pp. 323-346.
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