Developmental stage response of pearl millet downy mildew (Sclerospora graminicola) to fungicides

S. A. Deepak, P. Basavaraju, G. Chaluvaraju, N. P. Shetty, G. Oros, H. Shekar Shetty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inhibitory effect of 21 commercial and 6 experimental fungicides was assessed in model experiments against pearl millet downy mildew disease. Chemicals differed strongly by their anti-mildew activity, however neither the pathogen nor the host plant showed complete tolerance to any of compounds tested. Nevertheless, the plants outgrew depressant effect of compounds observed in germling stage and this activity did not significantly influence the yield. There was a significant correlation between yield performance and disease inhibitory effects assessed either in vitro or in vivo tests. The response of pathogen to investigated compounds varied during ontogeny, where zoosporangium formation was found to be the most sensitive ontogenetic event. When comparing responses of pathogen and host with fungicides by means of principal component analysis, the presence of two independent components has been demonstrated accounting for 86% of the total variation to which responses of host and pathogen contributed differently. The antisporulant activity of compounds evaluated on detached leaf segments and their positive effect on yield significantly correlated allowing to predict the expectable grain yield significantly (p>0.05). Beside acylanilides andoprim, drazoxolon and efosit offered efficacy on the level requested. Metalaxyl and tridemorph as well as andoprim and cymoxanil acted synergistically against S. graminicola.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-149
Number of pages25
JournalApplied Ecology and Environmental Research
Volume4
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Sclerospora graminicola
millet
downy mildew
Pennisetum glaucum
fungicide
developmental stage
fungicides
pathogen
developmental stages
pathogens
tridemorph
cymoxanil
metalaxyl
ontogeny
host plant
principal component analysis
host plants
tolerance
grain yield
effect

Keywords

  • Fungicide screening
  • Ontogeny
  • Synergy
  • Yield performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Deepak, S. A., Basavaraju, P., Chaluvaraju, G., Shetty, N. P., Oros, G., & Shekar Shetty, H. (2006). Developmental stage response of pearl millet downy mildew (Sclerospora graminicola) to fungicides. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 4(2), 125-149.

Developmental stage response of pearl millet downy mildew (Sclerospora graminicola) to fungicides. / Deepak, S. A.; Basavaraju, P.; Chaluvaraju, G.; Shetty, N. P.; Oros, G.; Shekar Shetty, H.

In: Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2006, p. 125-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Deepak, SA, Basavaraju, P, Chaluvaraju, G, Shetty, NP, Oros, G & Shekar Shetty, H 2006, 'Developmental stage response of pearl millet downy mildew (Sclerospora graminicola) to fungicides', Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 125-149.
Deepak, S. A. ; Basavaraju, P. ; Chaluvaraju, G. ; Shetty, N. P. ; Oros, G. ; Shekar Shetty, H. / Developmental stage response of pearl millet downy mildew (Sclerospora graminicola) to fungicides. In: Applied Ecology and Environmental Research. 2006 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 125-149.
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