Developmental stage is an important factor that determines the antioxidant responses of young and old grapevine leaves under UV irradiation in a green-house

Petra Majer, Éva Hideg

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of UV irradiation was studied on photosynthesis, photosystem II photochemical yields and antioxidant responses using green-house grown grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Chardonnay) leaves. Supplemental UV irradiation (280-400 nm) was centred in the UV-B region, and corresponded to 8.95 kJ m -2 d -1 global (280-400 nm) or 8.04 kJ m -2 d -1 UV-B (280-315 nm) biologically effective dose. UV irradiation was applied daily and its effects were evaluated after 4-days. Younger (1-3 weeks-old) leaves (YL) and older (4-6 weeks-old) leaves (OL) were affected differently, UV irradiation decreased their photochemical yields to 78% and 56%, respectively. Unlike OL, YL responded by an increase in UV-B absorbing pigment, anthocyanin and total phenolics contents. UV irradiation increased total antioxidant capacities in YL but not in OL. YL were also different in their ability to increase specific hydroxyl radical and singlet oxygen neutralizing capacities in response to the supplemental UV irradiation, which is reported here for the first time. Our results suggest that the ability of maintaining photosynthesis under supplemental UV is not necessarily determined by base levels of antioxidants but rather by their inducibilities in response to the irradiation and emphasise the importance of comparing leaves of the same age in UV studies. Correlations between various antioxidant capacities, pigment contents and photosynthesis parameters were also examined. However, no single element of the defence system can be picked up as decisive factor of sensitivity to UV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-23
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Grapevine leaf
  • Photosynthesis
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • UV-B irradiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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