Development of the Risk Assessment Suicidality Scale (RASS)

A population-based study

Konstantinos N. Fountoulakis, Eleonora Pantoula, Melina Siamouli, Katerina Moutou, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Apostolos Iacovides, Hagop Akiskal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Suicide and suicide attempts are significant and costly public health problems. In order to prevent suicidal and other self-injurious behaviors, research on the multiple factors involved in these behaviors with comprehensive and user-friendly instruments is necessary. The aim of the current study was to construct a self-report instrument with emphasis on items describing suicide-related behavior itself rather than strongly related clinical features on the basis of a general population study. Methods: Twelve items comprising a new scale were applied to 734 subjects from the general population (40.6% males and 59.4% females) aged 40.8 ± 11.5 along with the STAI and the CES-D. Results: The scoring method was developed on the basis of frequency table of responses to the individual scale items. The factor analysis returned 3 factors explaining 59.19% of total variance (Intention, Life, and History). The Cronbach's alpha was 0.85 for the Intention, 0.69 for the Life and 0.52 for the History subscale. Limitation: The findings need replication in clinical and epidemiologic studies. Conclusion: The RASS is a reliable and valid instrument which might prove valuable in the assessment of suicidal risk in the general population as well as in mental patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-457
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume138
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Fingerprint

Suicide
History
Population
Self-Injurious Behavior
Mentally Ill Persons
Self Report
Statistical Factor Analysis
Epidemiologic Studies
Research Design
Public Health
Research
Clinical Studies

Keywords

  • Risk assessment
  • Scale
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Development of the Risk Assessment Suicidality Scale (RASS) : A population-based study. / Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N.; Pantoula, Eleonora; Siamouli, Melina; Moutou, Katerina; Gonda, Xenia; Rihmer, Zoltan; Iacovides, Apostolos; Akiskal, Hagop.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 138, No. 3, 05.2012, p. 449-457.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fountoulakis, KN, Pantoula, E, Siamouli, M, Moutou, K, Gonda, X, Rihmer, Z, Iacovides, A & Akiskal, H 2012, 'Development of the Risk Assessment Suicidality Scale (RASS): A population-based study', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 138, no. 3, pp. 449-457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2011.12.045
Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N. ; Pantoula, Eleonora ; Siamouli, Melina ; Moutou, Katerina ; Gonda, Xenia ; Rihmer, Zoltan ; Iacovides, Apostolos ; Akiskal, Hagop. / Development of the Risk Assessment Suicidality Scale (RASS) : A population-based study. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2012 ; Vol. 138, No. 3. pp. 449-457.
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