Development of the follicle-associated epithelium and the secretory dendritic cell in the bursa of Fabricius of the guinea fowl (Numida Meleagris) studied by novel monoclonal antibodies

N. Nagy, A. Magyar, Csaba Dávid, Mohamed Khalifa Gumati, Imre Oláh

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Abstract

Two stromal elements, follicle-associated epithelium and secretory dendritic cells of the bursa of Fabricius were studied by light microscopy and two novel MAbs, that were produced against splenic cell suspensions of guinea fowls. Both antigens recognized by these MAbs, designated GIIF3 and NIC2, are localized in the cytoplasm of the stromal cells, and their molecular weights are 50 and 30 kD, respectively. During embryogenesis the GIIF3 and NIC2 cells emerge in the mesenchyme of the folds before follicle formation. The GIIF3 and the NIC2-positive cells accumulate under the surface epithelium of the plicae and migrate into the epithelium, that precedes the bud-formation. From the bud, the GIIF3-positive cells migrate up to the luminal surface, and they transform to distinct, highly polarized follicle-associated epithelial cells. Single GIIF3-positive cells are also present in the interfollicular epithelium. The NIC2 MAb recognized mesenchymal cells harbor in the lymphoepithelial compartment of the folliculus, and they elaborate cytoplasmic granules. Around Day 20 of embryogenesis large amount of NIC2-positive substance appear extracellularly in the medulla and around it. This period well correlates with the starting up of the bursal functions; clonal expansion of B cells, and generation of immune repertoire. After hatching the NIC2 stainability diminishes, and it is restricted to the medullary bursal secretory dendritic cells. The NIC2-positive, possibly elderly bursal secretory dendritic cells, are capable for migration into the follicle-associated epithelium. In eight-day old birds some cells of the follicle-associated epithelium reveals temporary NIC2 positivity, that may prove the transport of the follicle-associated epithelial cells into luminal direction. By 12 weeks of age the presence of NIC2-positive substance in the intercellular space of the FAE, rather than in the cells of FAE may indicate the termination of the transport of secretory substance. In conclusion, two types of mesenchymal cells enter the surface epithelium of the bursal folds. The GIIF3-positive cells appear on the luminal surface of the follicles and occupy the place of the follicle-associated epithelial cells. The NIC2-positive cells become secretory in nature and differentiate to bursal secretory dendritic cells. The follicle formation possibly, requires the joint presence of both GIIF3 and NIC2 cells in the epithelium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-292
Number of pages14
JournalAnatomical Record
Volume262
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2001

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Bursa of Fabricius
Guinea
guineafowl
bursa of Fabricius
dendritic cells
Dendritic Cells
monoclonal antibodies
epithelium
Epithelium
Monoclonal Antibodies
cells
epithelial cells
Epithelial Cells
Embryonic Development
embryogenesis
buds
cytoplasmic granules
Cytoplasmic Granules
extracellular space
stromal cells

Keywords

  • Bursa of Fabricius
  • Bursal secretory dendritic cell
  • Cortico-medullary border
  • Follicle-associated epithelium
  • Guinea fowl
  • Monoclonal antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Anatomy

Cite this

Development of the follicle-associated epithelium and the secretory dendritic cell in the bursa of Fabricius of the guinea fowl (Numida Meleagris) studied by novel monoclonal antibodies. / Nagy, N.; Magyar, A.; Dávid, Csaba; Gumati, Mohamed Khalifa; Oláh, Imre.

In: Anatomical Record, Vol. 262, No. 3, 01.03.2001, p. 279-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Two stromal elements, follicle-associated epithelium and secretory dendritic cells of the bursa of Fabricius were studied by light microscopy and two novel MAbs, that were produced against splenic cell suspensions of guinea fowls. Both antigens recognized by these MAbs, designated GIIF3 and NIC2, are localized in the cytoplasm of the stromal cells, and their molecular weights are 50 and 30 kD, respectively. During embryogenesis the GIIF3 and NIC2 cells emerge in the mesenchyme of the folds before follicle formation. The GIIF3 and the NIC2-positive cells accumulate under the surface epithelium of the plicae and migrate into the epithelium, that precedes the bud-formation. From the bud, the GIIF3-positive cells migrate up to the luminal surface, and they transform to distinct, highly polarized follicle-associated epithelial cells. Single GIIF3-positive cells are also present in the interfollicular epithelium. The NIC2 MAb recognized mesenchymal cells harbor in the lymphoepithelial compartment of the folliculus, and they elaborate cytoplasmic granules. Around Day 20 of embryogenesis large amount of NIC2-positive substance appear extracellularly in the medulla and around it. This period well correlates with the starting up of the bursal functions; clonal expansion of B cells, and generation of immune repertoire. After hatching the NIC2 stainability diminishes, and it is restricted to the medullary bursal secretory dendritic cells. The NIC2-positive, possibly elderly bursal secretory dendritic cells, are capable for migration into the follicle-associated epithelium. In eight-day old birds some cells of the follicle-associated epithelium reveals temporary NIC2 positivity, that may prove the transport of the follicle-associated epithelial cells into luminal direction. By 12 weeks of age the presence of NIC2-positive substance in the intercellular space of the FAE, rather than in the cells of FAE may indicate the termination of the transport of secretory substance. In conclusion, two types of mesenchymal cells enter the surface epithelium of the bursal folds. The GIIF3-positive cells appear on the luminal surface of the follicles and occupy the place of the follicle-associated epithelial cells. The NIC2-positive cells become secretory in nature and differentiate to bursal secretory dendritic cells. The follicle formation possibly, requires the joint presence of both GIIF3 and NIC2 cells in the epithelium.",
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