Development of molecular methods for the rapid detection of antibiotic susceptibility of Mycoplasma bovis

Kinga M. Sulyok, Katinka Bekő, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, E. Wehmann, Ákos Jerzsele, Zsuzsanna Rónai, Ibolya Turcsányi, L. Makrai, L. Szeredi, S. Jánosi, Sára Ágnes Nagy, Miklós Gyuranecz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Determining the antibiotic susceptibility profile of Mycoplasma bovis isolates in vitro provides the basis for the appropriate choice of antibiotics in the therapy. Traditionally, the antibiotic susceptibility examination of mycoplasmas is technically demanding, time-consuming and rarely performed in diagnostic laboratories. The aim of the present study was to develop rapid molecular assays to determine mutations responsible for elevated minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines, aminocyclitols, macrolides, lincosamides, phenicols and pleuromutilins in M. bovis. The nine mismatch amplification mutation assays (MAMA) and seven high resolution melt (HRM) tests designed in the present study enable the simultaneous detection of these genetic markers. The sensitivity of the assays varied between 102–105 copy numbers/reaction. Cross-reactions with other mycoplasmas occurring in cattle were detected in assays targeting universal regions (e.g. 16S rRNA). Nevertheless, results of the novel method were in accordance with sequence and MICs data of the M. bovis pure cultures. Also, the tests of clinical samples containing high amount of M. bovis DNA were congruent even in the presence of other Mycoplasma spp. The presented method is highly cost-effective and can provide an antibiogram to 12 antibiotics in approximately 3–4 days when previous isolation of M. bovis is applied. In order to assure the proper identification of the genetic markers at issue, the regions examined by the MAMA and HRM tests are overlapping. In conclusion, the developed assays have potential to be used in routine diagnostics for the detection of antibiotic susceptibility in M. bovis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-57
Number of pages11
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume213
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance
  • HRM
  • MAMA
  • Mycoplasma bovis
  • Rapid detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

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