Development of chemically modified glass surfaces for nucleic acid, protein and small molecule microarrays

László Hackler, György Dormán, Zoltán Kele, László Ürge, Ferenc Darvas, László G. Puskás

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microarrays have become a widely used tool to investigate the living cell at different levels. DNA microarrays enable the expression analysis of thousand of genes simultaneously, while protein arrays investigate the properties and interactions of proteins with other proteins and with non-proteinaceous molecules. One crucial step in producing such microarrays is the permanent immobilization of samples on a solid surface. Our goal was to develop diverse linker systems capable of anchoring different biological samples, especially DNA and drug-like small molecules. We developed 6 different chemical surfaces having a 3-D-like linker system for biomolecule immobilization, and compared them to previously described immobilization strategies. The attachment chemistry utilizes the amino reactive properties of acrylic and epoxy functions. The capacity of the support was increased by creating a branching structure holding the reactive functions. The method of anchoring was investigated through a model reaction. From HPLC and mass spectrometry measurements we concluded that the covalent binding of DNA occurs through nucleobases. The tested systems offer the capability to permanently immobilize several biomolecular species in an array format.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-36
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Diversity
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2003

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Keywords

  • Immobilization
  • Ligand-chip
  • Microarray
  • Protein microarray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Information Systems
  • Molecular Biology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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