Development of cellulose-reinforced poly(Lactic acid) (PLA) for engineering applications

Sándor Hajba, T. Czigány, Tamás Tábi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The renewable resource based polymers and composites, especially the Poly(Lactic Acid) (PLA) and natural, plant fiber reinforced composites are one of the most important research fields of biocomposites. Due to the mechanical properties of PLA, it stands out of the other biodegradable polymers, but in order to be able to use PLA in engineering application, reinforcing of PLA is needed. PLA can be reinforced with natural plant fibers, however their high moisture content can degrade PLA through hydrolysis during processing of PLA and the fibers into biocomposites. In this paper the effect of pre-process drying was analyzed on the mechanical properties of 30 weight% flax, cotton, and jute fabric reinforced PLA biocomposites. The results of pre-process drying tests showed that the optimum drying temperature was 100°C for the PLA and 120°C for the plant fabrics. It was demonstrated that the drying temperature of PLA and the fabrics has significant effect on the mechanical properties of the biocomposites.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials Science, Testing and Informatics VII
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages59-64
Number of pages6
Volume812
ISBN (Print)9783038353898
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event9th Hungarian Conference on Materials Science, 2013 - Balatonkenese, Hungary
Duration: Oct 13 2013Oct 15 2013

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume812
ISSN (Print)02555476

Other

Other9th Hungarian Conference on Materials Science, 2013
CountryHungary
CityBalatonkenese
Period10/13/1310/15/13

Fingerprint

lactic acid
Lactic acid
cellulose
Cellulose
drying
Drying
engineering
mechanical properties
Mechanical properties
fibers
Fibers
Jute fibers
Flax
Biodegradable polymers
composite materials
cotton
Composite materials
polymers
Cotton
moisture content

Keywords

  • Biocomposites
  • Biodegradable polymers
  • Cellulose
  • Natural fibers
  • Poly(Lactic Acid)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Hajba, S., Czigány, T., & Tábi, T. (2015). Development of cellulose-reinforced poly(Lactic acid) (PLA) for engineering applications. In Materials Science, Testing and Informatics VII (Vol. 812, pp. 59-64). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 812). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.812.59

Development of cellulose-reinforced poly(Lactic acid) (PLA) for engineering applications. / Hajba, Sándor; Czigány, T.; Tábi, Tamás.

Materials Science, Testing and Informatics VII. Vol. 812 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2015. p. 59-64 (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 812).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hajba, S, Czigány, T & Tábi, T 2015, Development of cellulose-reinforced poly(Lactic acid) (PLA) for engineering applications. in Materials Science, Testing and Informatics VII. vol. 812, Materials Science Forum, vol. 812, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 59-64, 9th Hungarian Conference on Materials Science, 2013, Balatonkenese, Hungary, 10/13/13. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.812.59
Hajba S, Czigány T, Tábi T. Development of cellulose-reinforced poly(Lactic acid) (PLA) for engineering applications. In Materials Science, Testing and Informatics VII. Vol. 812. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2015. p. 59-64. (Materials Science Forum). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.812.59
Hajba, Sándor ; Czigány, T. ; Tábi, Tamás. / Development of cellulose-reinforced poly(Lactic acid) (PLA) for engineering applications. Materials Science, Testing and Informatics VII. Vol. 812 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2015. pp. 59-64 (Materials Science Forum).
@inproceedings{67640493545340229c1de034cc579f48,
title = "Development of cellulose-reinforced poly(Lactic acid) (PLA) for engineering applications",
abstract = "The renewable resource based polymers and composites, especially the Poly(Lactic Acid) (PLA) and natural, plant fiber reinforced composites are one of the most important research fields of biocomposites. Due to the mechanical properties of PLA, it stands out of the other biodegradable polymers, but in order to be able to use PLA in engineering application, reinforcing of PLA is needed. PLA can be reinforced with natural plant fibers, however their high moisture content can degrade PLA through hydrolysis during processing of PLA and the fibers into biocomposites. In this paper the effect of pre-process drying was analyzed on the mechanical properties of 30 weight{\%} flax, cotton, and jute fabric reinforced PLA biocomposites. The results of pre-process drying tests showed that the optimum drying temperature was 100°C for the PLA and 120°C for the plant fabrics. It was demonstrated that the drying temperature of PLA and the fabrics has significant effect on the mechanical properties of the biocomposites.",
keywords = "Biocomposites, Biodegradable polymers, Cellulose, Natural fibers, Poly(Lactic Acid)",
author = "S{\'a}ndor Hajba and T. Czig{\'a}ny and Tam{\'a}s T{\'a}bi",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.812.59",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783038353898",
volume = "812",
series = "Materials Science Forum",
publisher = "Trans Tech Publications Ltd",
pages = "59--64",
booktitle = "Materials Science, Testing and Informatics VII",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Development of cellulose-reinforced poly(Lactic acid) (PLA) for engineering applications

AU - Hajba, Sándor

AU - Czigány, T.

AU - Tábi, Tamás

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The renewable resource based polymers and composites, especially the Poly(Lactic Acid) (PLA) and natural, plant fiber reinforced composites are one of the most important research fields of biocomposites. Due to the mechanical properties of PLA, it stands out of the other biodegradable polymers, but in order to be able to use PLA in engineering application, reinforcing of PLA is needed. PLA can be reinforced with natural plant fibers, however their high moisture content can degrade PLA through hydrolysis during processing of PLA and the fibers into biocomposites. In this paper the effect of pre-process drying was analyzed on the mechanical properties of 30 weight% flax, cotton, and jute fabric reinforced PLA biocomposites. The results of pre-process drying tests showed that the optimum drying temperature was 100°C for the PLA and 120°C for the plant fabrics. It was demonstrated that the drying temperature of PLA and the fabrics has significant effect on the mechanical properties of the biocomposites.

AB - The renewable resource based polymers and composites, especially the Poly(Lactic Acid) (PLA) and natural, plant fiber reinforced composites are one of the most important research fields of biocomposites. Due to the mechanical properties of PLA, it stands out of the other biodegradable polymers, but in order to be able to use PLA in engineering application, reinforcing of PLA is needed. PLA can be reinforced with natural plant fibers, however their high moisture content can degrade PLA through hydrolysis during processing of PLA and the fibers into biocomposites. In this paper the effect of pre-process drying was analyzed on the mechanical properties of 30 weight% flax, cotton, and jute fabric reinforced PLA biocomposites. The results of pre-process drying tests showed that the optimum drying temperature was 100°C for the PLA and 120°C for the plant fabrics. It was demonstrated that the drying temperature of PLA and the fabrics has significant effect on the mechanical properties of the biocomposites.

KW - Biocomposites

KW - Biodegradable polymers

KW - Cellulose

KW - Natural fibers

KW - Poly(Lactic Acid)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924533746&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924533746&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.812.59

DO - 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.812.59

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84924533746

SN - 9783038353898

VL - 812

T3 - Materials Science Forum

SP - 59

EP - 64

BT - Materials Science, Testing and Informatics VII

PB - Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ER -