Gram-negative bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration has been used as an animal model of sepsis-related acute lung injury and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). This paper describes the lung histology following lung injury induced by the intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of endotoxin to rats, in comparison with earlier findings. ALI was induced by the i.p. administration of Esherichia coli LPS 2 (n = 8) or 3 (n = 5) mg/kg, whereas physiological saline was administered to the control animals (n = 5). Eighteen hours after the LPS injections, the animals were euthanized. The lungs and heart were removed in one block for histological study (hematoxylin and eosin [HE], periodic acid-Schiff [PAS], Mason's trichrome; light microscopy). The lung tissue injury (bronchial wall, vessels, alveoli, interstitium) was graded via a scoring system (0 to 3+). The control animals showed intact lung tissue. Ten of the 13 LPS group had bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) hyperplasia. Pathological signs of ALI/ARDS, diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) and emphysema, were observed in 5 and 8 cases, respectively. LPS injection induces primarily BALT hyperplasia and also the less characteristic DAD. This rat model is suitable for the investigation not only of ALI/ARDS but also of BALT hyperplasia occurring as a consequence of chronic pulmonary inflammatory processes.
- BALT hyperplasia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Clinical Biochemistry