Monoclonal fumonisin B1 antibodies with high titer were raised by using FB1 - glutaraldehydekeyhole limpet hemocyanin immunogen prepared by a short cross-linker reagent (glutaraldehyde). Mean cross-reactivities of the selected monoclonal antibody for FB1, FB2, and FB3 were 100, 91.8, and 209%, respectively; no reactivity was found with hydrolyzed fumonisin. A direct, competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the quantitative determination of FB1 in cereals has been developed with this antibody. Fifty percent acetonitrile-based solvent with some additives was used for extraction of cereals, and the diluted extracts were used without cleanup in the test. The mean within-assay and interassay coefficients of variation for the standard curve were <10%. The measuring range of this test is 10 - 500 ng/g, with a detection limit of 7.6 ng/g FB1. The toxin recovery from cereals infected with 50 - 200 ng/g of FB1 varied between 61 and 84%. According to the comparable results of naturally infected maize samples, this test proved to be suitable for the rapid screening of food and feed samples for the presence of FBs.
- Fumonisin B
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)