Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) is a major pathogen of horses with worldwide distribution that can cause various clinical signs ranged from mild respiratory disease to neurological symptoms. Comparison of neuropathogenic and non-neuropathogenic EHV-1 strains revealed that a single non-synonymous nucleotide substitution (A/G2254) in the ORF30 region is associated with the altered functions of the viral DNA polymerase and therefore the neuropathogenicity of EHV-1 virus strains. The aim of the present study was the development of a new differentiation method of this particular single nucleotide polymorphism on the basis of the primer-probe energy transfer (PriProET) technique that has been successfully applied for the detection and classification of various DNA and RNA viruses. The results of melting temperature analysis showed an exact correlation with the sequence variations of the targeted region of ORF30, and the two genotypes (A/G2254) could be easily identified by the different peaks of melting temperatures. The new method is simple, fast, specific and robust as well as more flexible than the previous tests.
- Primer-probe energy transfer
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