Development of a high current 60 keV neutral lithium beam injector for beam emission spectroscopy measurements on fusion experiments

G. Anda, D. Dunai, M. Lampert, T. Krizsanóczi, J. Németh, S. Bató, Y. U. Nam, G. H. Hu, S. Zoletnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 60 keV neutral lithium beam system was designed and built up for beam emission spectroscopy measurement of edge plasma on the KSTAR and EAST tokamaks. The electron density profile and its fluctuation can be measured using the accelerated lithium beam-based emission spectroscopy system. A thermionic ion source was developed with a SiC heater to emit around 4-5 mA ion current from a 14 mm diameter surface. The ion optic is following the 2 step design used on other devices with small modifications to reach about 2-3 cm beam diameter in the plasma at about 4 m from the ion source. A newly developed recirculating sodium vapour neutralizer neutralizes the accelerated ion beam at around 260-280 °C even during long (<20 s) discharges. A set of new beam diagnostic and manipulation techniques are applied to allow optimization, aiming, cleaning, and beam modulation. The maximum 60 keV beam energy with 4 mA ion current was successfully reached at KSTAR and at EAST. Combined with an efficient observation system, the Li-beam diagnostic enables the measurement of the density profile and fluctuations on the plasma turbulence time scale.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013503
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

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