Development and Characterisation of Gastroretentive Solid Dosage Form Based on Melt Foaming

Gábor Vasvári, Ádám Haimhoffer, László Horváth, István Budai, György Trencsényi, Monika Béresová, Csaba Dobó-Nagy, J. Váradi, I. Bácskay, Zoltán Ujhelyi, Pálma Fehér, Dávid Sinka, M. Vecsernyés, Ferenc Fenyvesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dosage forms with increased gastric residence time are promising tools to increase bioavailability of drugs with narrow absorption window. Low-density floating formulations could avoid gastric emptying; therefore, sustained drug release can be achieved. Our aim was to develop a new technology to produce low-density floating formulations by melt foaming. Excipients were selected carefully, with the criteria of low gastric irritation, melting range below 70°C and well-known use in oral drug formulations. PEG 4000, Labrasol and stearic acid type 50 were used to create metronidazole dispersion which was foamed by air on atmospheric pressure using in-house developed apparatus at 53°C. Stearic acid was necessary to improve the foamability of the molten dispersion. Additionally, it reduced matrix erosion, thus prolonging drug dissolution and preserving hardness of the moulded foam. Labrasol as a liquid solubiliser can be used to increase drug release rate and drug solubility. Based on the SEM images, metronidazole in the molten foam remained in crystalline form. MicroCT scans with the electron microscopic images revealed that the foam has a closed-cell structure, where spherical voids have smooth inner wall, they are randomly dispersed, while adjacent voids often interconnected with each other. Drug release from all compositions followed Korsmeyer-Peppas kinetic model. Erosion of the matrix was the main mechanism of the release of metronidazole. Texture analysis confirmed that stearic acid plays a key role in preserving the integrity of the matrix during dissolution in acidic buffer. The technology creates low density and solid matrix system with micronsized air-filled voids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number290
JournalAAPS PharmSciTech
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

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Keywords

  • gastric retention
  • lipid matrix
  • PEG 4000
  • solid dispersion
  • solid foam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

Vasvári, G., Haimhoffer, Á., Horváth, L., Budai, I., Trencsényi, G., Béresová, M., Dobó-Nagy, C., Váradi, J., Bácskay, I., Ujhelyi, Z., Fehér, P., Sinka, D., Vecsernyés, M., & Fenyvesi, F. (2019). Development and Characterisation of Gastroretentive Solid Dosage Form Based on Melt Foaming. AAPS PharmSciTech, 20(7), [290]. https://doi.org/10.1208/s12249-019-1500-2