Determination of the cosmic far-infrared background level with the ISOPHOT instrument (Research Note)

M. Juvela, K. Mattila, D. Lemke, U. Klaas, C. Leinert, Cs Kiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Context. The cosmic infrared background (CIRB) consists mainly of the integrated light of distant galaxies. In the far-infrared the current estimates of its surface brightness are based on the measurements of the COBE satellite. Independent confirmation of these results is still needed from other instruments. Aims. In this paper we derive estimates of the far-infrared CIRB using measurements made with the ISOPHOT instrument aboard the ISO satellite. The results are used to seek further confirmation of the CIRB levels that have been derived, by various groups using the COBE data. Methods. We study three regions of very low cirrus emission. The surface brightness observed with the ISOPHOT instrument at 90, 150, and. 180 μm is correlated with hydrogen 21 cm line data from the Effelsberg radio telescope. Extrapolation to zero hydrogen column density gives an estimate for the sum. of extragalactic signal plus zodiacal light. The zodiacal light is subtracted using ISOPHOT data at shorter wavelengths. Thus, the resulting estimate of the far-infrared CIRB is based on ISO measurements alone. Results. In the range 150 to 180 μm, we obtain a CIRB value of 1.08 ± 0.32 ± 0.30 MJy sr-1 quoting statistical and systematic errors separately. In the 90 μm band, we obtain a 2-σ upper limit of 2.3 MJy sr-1. Conclusions. The estimates derived from. ISOPHOT far-infrared maps are consistent with the earlier COBE results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)763-768
Number of pages6
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2009


  • Cosmology, observations -
  • Galaxies, evolution -
  • Infrared, galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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