Determination of the absolute configurations of natural products via density functional theory calculations of vibrational circular dichroism, electronic circular dichroism, and optical rotation

The iridoids plumericin and isoplumericin

P. J. Stephens, J. J. Pan, F. J. Devlin, K. Krohn, T. Kurtán

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Abstract

(Chemical Equation Presented) The absolute configurations (ACs) of the iridoid natural products, plumericin (1) and isoplumericin (2), have been re-investigated using vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectroscopy, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy, and optical rotatory dispersion (ORD). Comparison of DFT calculations of the VCD spectra of 1 and 2 to the experimental VCD spectra of the natural products, (+)-1 and (+)-2, leads unambiguously to the AC (1R,5S,8S,9S,10S)-(+) for both 1 and 2. In contrast, comparison of time-dependent DFT (TDDFT) calculations of the ECD spectra of 1 and 2 to the experimental spectra of (+)-1 and (+)-2 does not permit definitive assignment of their ACs. On the other hand, TDDFT calculations of the ORD of (1R,5S,8S,9S,10S)-1 and -2 over the range of 365-589 nm are in excellent agreement with the experimental data of (+)-1 and (+)-2, confirming the ACs derived from the VCD spectra. Thus, the ACs initially proposed by Albers-Schönberg and Schmid are shown to be correct, and the opposite ACs recently derived from the ECD spectra of 1 and 2 by Elsässer et al. are shown to be incorrect. As a result, the ACs of other iridoid natural products obtained by chemical correlation with 1 and 2 are not in need of revision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3521-3536
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume72
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 27 2007

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Iridoids
Optical rotation
Dichroism
Biological Products
Density functional theory
Discrete Fourier transforms
Circular dichroism spectroscopy
Vibrational spectroscopy
plumericin
isoplumericin
Circular Dichroism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Determination of the absolute configurations of natural products via density functional theory calculations of vibrational circular dichroism, electronic circular dichroism, and optical rotation: The iridoids plumericin and isoplumericin",
abstract = "(Chemical Equation Presented) The absolute configurations (ACs) of the iridoid natural products, plumericin (1) and isoplumericin (2), have been re-investigated using vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectroscopy, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy, and optical rotatory dispersion (ORD). Comparison of DFT calculations of the VCD spectra of 1 and 2 to the experimental VCD spectra of the natural products, (+)-1 and (+)-2, leads unambiguously to the AC (1R,5S,8S,9S,10S)-(+) for both 1 and 2. In contrast, comparison of time-dependent DFT (TDDFT) calculations of the ECD spectra of 1 and 2 to the experimental spectra of (+)-1 and (+)-2 does not permit definitive assignment of their ACs. On the other hand, TDDFT calculations of the ORD of (1R,5S,8S,9S,10S)-1 and -2 over the range of 365-589 nm are in excellent agreement with the experimental data of (+)-1 and (+)-2, confirming the ACs derived from the VCD spectra. Thus, the ACs initially proposed by Albers-Sch{\"o}nberg and Schmid are shown to be correct, and the opposite ACs recently derived from the ECD spectra of 1 and 2 by Els{\"a}sser et al. are shown to be incorrect. As a result, the ACs of other iridoid natural products obtained by chemical correlation with 1 and 2 are not in need of revision.",
author = "Stephens, {P. J.} and Pan, {J. J.} and Devlin, {F. J.} and K. Krohn and T. Kurt{\'a}n",
year = "2007",
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T1 - Determination of the absolute configurations of natural products via density functional theory calculations of vibrational circular dichroism, electronic circular dichroism, and optical rotation

T2 - The iridoids plumericin and isoplumericin

AU - Stephens, P. J.

AU - Pan, J. J.

AU - Devlin, F. J.

AU - Krohn, K.

AU - Kurtán, T.

PY - 2007/4/27

Y1 - 2007/4/27

N2 - (Chemical Equation Presented) The absolute configurations (ACs) of the iridoid natural products, plumericin (1) and isoplumericin (2), have been re-investigated using vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectroscopy, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy, and optical rotatory dispersion (ORD). Comparison of DFT calculations of the VCD spectra of 1 and 2 to the experimental VCD spectra of the natural products, (+)-1 and (+)-2, leads unambiguously to the AC (1R,5S,8S,9S,10S)-(+) for both 1 and 2. In contrast, comparison of time-dependent DFT (TDDFT) calculations of the ECD spectra of 1 and 2 to the experimental spectra of (+)-1 and (+)-2 does not permit definitive assignment of their ACs. On the other hand, TDDFT calculations of the ORD of (1R,5S,8S,9S,10S)-1 and -2 over the range of 365-589 nm are in excellent agreement with the experimental data of (+)-1 and (+)-2, confirming the ACs derived from the VCD spectra. Thus, the ACs initially proposed by Albers-Schönberg and Schmid are shown to be correct, and the opposite ACs recently derived from the ECD spectra of 1 and 2 by Elsässer et al. are shown to be incorrect. As a result, the ACs of other iridoid natural products obtained by chemical correlation with 1 and 2 are not in need of revision.

AB - (Chemical Equation Presented) The absolute configurations (ACs) of the iridoid natural products, plumericin (1) and isoplumericin (2), have been re-investigated using vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectroscopy, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy, and optical rotatory dispersion (ORD). Comparison of DFT calculations of the VCD spectra of 1 and 2 to the experimental VCD spectra of the natural products, (+)-1 and (+)-2, leads unambiguously to the AC (1R,5S,8S,9S,10S)-(+) for both 1 and 2. In contrast, comparison of time-dependent DFT (TDDFT) calculations of the ECD spectra of 1 and 2 to the experimental spectra of (+)-1 and (+)-2 does not permit definitive assignment of their ACs. On the other hand, TDDFT calculations of the ORD of (1R,5S,8S,9S,10S)-1 and -2 over the range of 365-589 nm are in excellent agreement with the experimental data of (+)-1 and (+)-2, confirming the ACs derived from the VCD spectra. Thus, the ACs initially proposed by Albers-Schönberg and Schmid are shown to be correct, and the opposite ACs recently derived from the ECD spectra of 1 and 2 by Elsässer et al. are shown to be incorrect. As a result, the ACs of other iridoid natural products obtained by chemical correlation with 1 and 2 are not in need of revision.

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