Determination of sulfur balance between the atmosphere and a Norway spruce forest ecosystem: Comparison of gradient dry + wet and throughfall deposition measurements

Emese A. Kovács, László Horváth

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Total sulfur deposition was determined above a Norway spruce forest, in Hungary. Two methods were applied, on one hand dry + wet deposition measurements and on the other, throughfall and stemflow deposition estimations have been carried out. Results show: total depositions are 3.3 and 3.2 g S m-2 yr-1 determined by dry + wet and throughfall deposition methods, respectively. The share of the dry deposition in the total S-load is 73%. The agreement between the results of the two different methods is good and suggests the needlessness of complicated dry + wet flux measurements, i.e. the total and dry deposition of sulfur compounds to forests can be determined by simple throughfall and wet deposition measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-240
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Atmospheric Chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2004



  • Dry deposition
  • Forest ecosystem
  • S-balance
  • Throughfall deposition
  • Wet deposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Atmospheric Science

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