We describe a novel procedure for determination and validation of off-target activities of anti-cluster designation antigen identity 44 (CD44) variant 6 recombinant antibodies by combining two complementary technology platforms; namely UNIchip AV-400, containing a printed serial dilution of CD44 variant 6 and approximately 400 different human proteins, and TISSOMICS, enabling human tissue microarray analysis in high-throughput mode. We have analyzed the performance of two human monoclonal recombinant antibodies directed against CD44 variant 6 protein, BMS 116 and BMS 125, in a blinded study. The antibodies exhibit a clear differentiation with regard to their binding profiles in the two systems. BMS 116 shows a low degree of specificity in the normal human Food and Drug Administration (FDA) tissue panel, which was confirmed by binding to more than 206 proteins on the protein biochip. In contrast, BMS 125 gives a highly selective membranous staining on selected human epithelial tissue components with no off-target activities observed on the protein biochip. Additionally, antibody BMS 125 shows a higher sensitivity to its antigen CD44 variant 6 than antibody BMS 116 as determined by the protein biochip.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)