Determinant factors of physical fitness in European children

Mahmoud Zaqout, Krishna Vyncke, Luis A. Moreno, Pilar de Miguel-Etayo, Fabio Lauria, D. Molnár, Lauren Lissner, Monica Hunsberger, Toomas Veidebaum, Michael Tornaritis, Lucia A. Reisch, Karin Bammann, Ole Sprengeler, Wolfgang Ahrens, Nathalie Michels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study was designed to explore the determinants of physical fitness in European children aged 6–11 years, cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Methods: There were sufficient data on 4903 children (50.6 % girls) on measured physical fitness (cardio-respiratory, muscular strength, flexibility, balance, and speed) and possible determinants related to child characteristics, child lifestyle and parental factors. Multivariate and mixed linear regression models were conducted. Results: Age, sex, children’s BMI and physical activity were independent and strong determinants of children’s fitness. Significant but small effects were found for low maternal BMI, high psychosocial well-being and fruit and vegetable intake as protective determinants. Sleep duration, breakfast intake, parental age and education and paternal BMI did not have a consistently significant effect on physical fitness. The role of determinants depended on children’s sex and the specific PF component. Longitudinal analyses especially highlighted the importance of child’s BMI as physical fitness determinant, independent of physical activity. Conclusions: BMI together with physical activity, diet and psychosocial factors are modifiable targets to enhance physical fitness. This calls for policy approaches that combine these factors in a systematic way.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Apr 4 2016

Fingerprint

Physical Fitness
fitness
determinants
Exercise
Linear Models
Breakfast
policy approach
psychosocial factors
Vegetables
Life Style
vegetables
Fruit
sleep
Sleep
Parents
Mothers
Psychology
Diet
flexibility
Education

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Children
  • IDEFICS
  • Lifestyle
  • Parental determinants
  • Physical fitness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Zaqout, M., Vyncke, K., Moreno, L. A., de Miguel-Etayo, P., Lauria, F., Molnár, D., ... Michels, N. (Accepted/In press). Determinant factors of physical fitness in European children. International Journal of Public Health, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-016-0811-2

Determinant factors of physical fitness in European children. / Zaqout, Mahmoud; Vyncke, Krishna; Moreno, Luis A.; de Miguel-Etayo, Pilar; Lauria, Fabio; Molnár, D.; Lissner, Lauren; Hunsberger, Monica; Veidebaum, Toomas; Tornaritis, Michael; Reisch, Lucia A.; Bammann, Karin; Sprengeler, Ole; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Michels, Nathalie.

In: International Journal of Public Health, 04.04.2016, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zaqout, M, Vyncke, K, Moreno, LA, de Miguel-Etayo, P, Lauria, F, Molnár, D, Lissner, L, Hunsberger, M, Veidebaum, T, Tornaritis, M, Reisch, LA, Bammann, K, Sprengeler, O, Ahrens, W & Michels, N 2016, 'Determinant factors of physical fitness in European children', International Journal of Public Health, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-016-0811-2
Zaqout, Mahmoud ; Vyncke, Krishna ; Moreno, Luis A. ; de Miguel-Etayo, Pilar ; Lauria, Fabio ; Molnár, D. ; Lissner, Lauren ; Hunsberger, Monica ; Veidebaum, Toomas ; Tornaritis, Michael ; Reisch, Lucia A. ; Bammann, Karin ; Sprengeler, Ole ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; Michels, Nathalie. / Determinant factors of physical fitness in European children. In: International Journal of Public Health. 2016 ; pp. 1-10.
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