Deterioration of electrical and spectroscopic properties of a detector grade silicon photodiode exposed to short range proton, lithium and oxygen ion irradiation

Željko Pastuović, Milko Jakšić, Gabor Kalinka, Mihaly Novák, Aliz Simon

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15 Citations (Scopus)


The electrical properties and spectral response of a Hamamatsu S5821 silicon PIN photodiode were investigated in-situ during and after irradiation by 430 keV H+, 2.15 MeV Li2+, 4 MeV O3+ and 6.5 MeV O4+ ion beams focused to a sub-micrometer beam size. Ion species and their respective energies were selected to approximately have the same end range of 5μwithin the depletion region of the unbiased photodiode. Particle irradiation fluences Φ of 108 to 1012cm-2 were selected, such that displacement damage dose (Dd)values within the material had a similar range of 10 10 to 1013MeV/g for the selected particles. Under these conditions, it has been observed that protons produce the largest increase in device capacitance. At 100 V an increase in the generation current from 2.3 nA/cm2 for a unirradiated sample to 1.7μA/cm2, 2.4μA/cm2, and $3μA/cm 2for samples irradiated by protons, lithium, and oxygen ions, respectively, was determined for a displacement damage dose of 3.9× 10 11 MeV/g. The ion beam-induced charge (IBIC) technique was used to investigate the charge collection efficiency (CCE) of the irradiated photodiodes. The irradiation-induced changes of the CCE for both protons and oxygen were compared with respect to the non-ionizing energy loss (NIEL), which is a good measure of displacement damage introduced into a material by ionizing particles. The measured reduction of the pulse height with increasing displacement damage dose was fitted to a radiation damage function. The calculated equivalent damage factors, Ked, for the proton probe on proton damaged silicon (3.6±0.4) × 10-15g/MeV, the proton probe on oxygen damaged silicon (3.90±0.07) × 10 -15g/MeV , and the oxygen probe on oxygen damaged silicon (3.65±0.03) × 10-14g/MeVhave been obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5204653
Pages (from-to)2457-2464
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2009



  • CCE
  • Displacement damage
  • IBIC
  • Ion beam
  • Irradiation
  • NIEL
  • Particle detectors
  • Photodiode
  • Silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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