Detection of wheat-barley translocations by genomic in situ hybridization in derivatives of hybrids multiplied in vitro

M. Molnár-Láng, G. Linc, Bernd R. Friebe, J. Sutka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wheat-barley translocations were identified by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) in backcross progenies originating from in vitro regenerated wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Chinese Spring) x barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Betzes) hybrids. The regenerated hybrids were pollinated with the wheat line Martonvasari 9 kr1. Five translocated wheat-barley chromosomes were recovered among 51 BC2F2 progeny from the in vitro regenerated wheat x barley hybrids. All were single breakpoint translocations with the relative positions of the breakpoints ranging from the centromere to about 0.8 of the relative arm length. Of the four translocations with intercalary breakpoints, three were transfers of terminal barley segments to wheat chromosomes; one was a transfer of a terminal wheat segment to a barley chromosome. Because of the absence of diagnostic N-bands, the identity of three barley segments could not be determined; in one translocation the barley chromosome involved had a NOR so it must have been 5H or 6H, and the centric translocation was 4HS.2BL. Following selfing, homozygotes of four translocations were selected. The experiment suggests that in vitro culture conditions are conducive for major genome rearrangements in wheat-barley hybrids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-123
Number of pages7
JournalEuphytica
Volume112
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Hordeum
in situ hybridization
Triticum
In Situ Hybridization
chemical derivatives
barley
genomics
wheat
Chromosomes
chromosomes
In Vitro Techniques
centromeres
Centromere
homozygosity
selfing
Homozygote
in vitro culture
Hordeum vulgare
Triticum aestivum
Genome

Keywords

  • Barley
  • GISH
  • In situ hybridization
  • Translocation
  • Wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Detection of wheat-barley translocations by genomic in situ hybridization in derivatives of hybrids multiplied in vitro. / Molnár-Láng, M.; Linc, G.; Friebe, Bernd R.; Sutka, J.

In: Euphytica, Vol. 112, No. 2, 2000, p. 117-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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