Detection of Toxoplasma gondii from amniotic fluid, a comparison of four different molecular biological methods

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The infection caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is often asymptomatic or has mild symptoms. The infection can cause serious problems in pregnant women who acquire the infection during gestation and their fetuses are congenitally infected. Methods: We tested 64 amniotic fluid samples for the presence of T. gondii by using fluorescent PCR and DNA fragment analysis. Later we compared four different molecular biological methods for the detection of the presence of T. gondii on same frozen DNA samples. These methods are the conventional PCR, fluorescent PCR with DNA fragment analysis, quantitative real-time PCR with SYBRGreen I and with fluorescence energy transfer hybridization probe detection. We determined the detection limit of these methods. Results: The conventional PCR and quantitative real-time PCR with SYBRGreen I detection have the detection limit of 1000 parasites, followed by fluorescent PCR with the detection limit of 10-100 parasites. The real-time PCR using fluorescence energy transfer hybridization probes can detect one parasite. This is the most sensitive and the fastest method. We detected 5 T. gondii positive samples with all methods from the studied 64 amniotic fluids. Conclusions: All studied molecular biological methods are suitable for the detection of congenital toxoplasmosis. The quantitative real-time PCR based methods are more sensitive, simple and easy to perform these are opening the avenue to find out the effect of the number of parasites on fetal abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-137
Number of pages7
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume368
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2006

Keywords

  • Amniotic fluid
  • Congenital toxoplasmosis
  • Quantitative real-time PCR
  • Toxoplasma gondii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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