Detection of receptor clustering by flow cytometric fluorescence anisotropy measurements

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Abstract

Background: Perrin equation suggests an alternative way for the accurate energy transfer determination on a cell-by-cell basis by measuring polarized donor intensities in a conventional flow cytometer. Methods: The relationship between energy transfer and fluorescence anisotropy of the donor was investigated by flow cytometric generation of Perrin-lifetime plots of fluorescent antibody-labeled MHC class I and class II molecules on the surface of living cells. The energy transfer reduced the fluorescence lifetime of the donor. Results: Perrin plots have proven to be sensitive to the segmental mobility of the labeling dye and that of antibodies of different isotypes, and homo-transfer due to the multiple labeling of antibodies. A method demonstrating the feasibility of energy transfer determination by measuring anisotropy enhancement of the donor is presented. Flow cytometric histograms of the donor anisotropy and of the deduced energy transfer efficiency are shown, indicating clustering of MHC class I and class II molecules on the surface of human T lymphoblasts. In the Appendix, a method for the simultaneous determination of both energy transfer efficiency and donor fluorescence anisotropy, without need for G-factor measurement, is also presented. Conclusions: We demonstrate that energy transfer efficiency, i.e., proximity, between suitably selected donor and acceptor, and the rotational relaxation of the donor, i.e., donor mobility, can be simultaneously measured in a flow cytometer. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-306
Number of pages15
JournalCytometry
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2000

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Keywords

  • Fluorescence energy transfer
  • Homo- and hetero- associations
  • Limiting anisotropy
  • Perrin plot
  • Segmental flexibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Biophysics
  • Hematology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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