Detection of massive tidal tails around the globular cluster Palomar 5 with sloan digital sky survey commissioning data

Michael Odenkirchen, Eva K. Grebel, Constance M. Rockosi, Walter Dehnen, Rodrigo Ibata, Hans Walter Rix, Andrea Stolte, Christian Wolf, John E. Anderson, Neta A. Bahcall, Jon Brinkmann, István Csabai, G. Hennessy, Robert B. Hindsley, Željko Ivezić, Robert H. Lupton, Jeffrey A. Munn, Jeffrey R. Pier, Chris Stoughton, Donald G. York

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Abstract

We report the discovery of two well-defined tidal tails emerging from the sparse remote globular cluster Palomar 5. These tails stretch out symmetrically to both sides of the cluster in the direction of constant Galactic latitude and subtend an angle of 2°.6 on the sky. The tails have been detected in commissioning data of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, providing deep five-color photometry in a 2°.5-wide band along the equator. The stars in the tails make up a substantial part (∼1/3) of the current total population of cluster stars in the magnitude interval 19.5 ≤ i* ≤ 22.0. This reveals that the cluster is subject to heavy mass loss. The orientation of the tails provides an important key for the determination of the cluster's Galactic orbit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L165-L169
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume548
Issue number2 PART 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 20 2001

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Keywords

  • Galaxy: halo
  • Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics
  • Galaxy: structure
  • Globular clusters: individual (Palomar 5)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Odenkirchen, M., Grebel, E. K., Rockosi, C. M., Dehnen, W., Ibata, R., Rix, H. W., Stolte, A., Wolf, C., Anderson, J. E., Bahcall, N. A., Brinkmann, J., Csabai, I., Hennessy, G., Hindsley, R. B., Ivezić, Ž., Lupton, R. H., Munn, J. A., Pier, J. R., Stoughton, C., & York, D. G. (2001). Detection of massive tidal tails around the globular cluster Palomar 5 with sloan digital sky survey commissioning data. Astrophysical Journal, 548(2 PART 2), L165-L169. https://doi.org/10.1086/319095