Detection of Intestinal Tissue Perfusion by Real-Time Breath Methane Analysis in Rat and Pig Models of Mesenteric Circulatory Distress

Szilárd Szűcs, Gábor Bari, Melinda Ugocsai, Reza Ali Lashkarivand, Norbert Lajkó, A. Mohácsi, Anna Szabó, J. Kaszaki, M. Borós, Dániel Érces, Gabriella Varga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Methane (CH4) breath test is an established diagnostic method for gastrointestinal functional disorders. Our aim was to explore the possible link between splanchnic circulatory changes and exhaled CH4 in an attempt to recognize intestinal perfusion failure. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled in vivo animal study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Anesthetized, ventilated Sprague-Dawley rats (280 ± 30 g) and Vietnamese minipigs (31 ± 7 kg). INTERVENTIONS: In the first series, CH4 was administered intraluminally into the ileum before 45 minutes mesenteric ischemia or before reperfusion in non-CH4 producer rats to test the appearance of the gas in the exhaled air. In the porcine experiments, the superior mesenteric artery was gradually obstructed during consecutive, 30-minute flow reductions and 30-minute reperfusions achieving complete occlusion after four cycles (n = 6), or nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia was induced by pericardial tamponade (n = 12), which decreased superior mesenteric artery flow from 351 ± 55 to 182 ± 67 mL/min and mean arterial pressure from 96.7 ± 18.2 to 41.5 ± 4.6 mm Hg for 60 minutes. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Macrohemodynamics were monitored continuously; RBC velocity of the ileal serosa or mucosa was recorded by intravital videomicroscopy. The concentration of exhaled CH4 was measured online simultaneously with high-sensitivity photoacoustic spectroscopy. The intestinal flow changes during the occlusion-reperfusion phases were accompanied by parallel changes in breath CH4 output. Also in cardiac tamponade-induced nonocclusive intestinal ischemia, the superior mesenteric artery flow and RBC velocity correlated significantly with parallel changes in CH4 concentration in the exhaled air (Pearson's r = 0.669 or r = 0.632, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: we report a combination of in vivo experimental data on a close association of an exhaled endogenous gas with acute mesenteric macro- and microvascular flow changes. Breath CH4 analysis may offer a noninvasive approach to follow the status of the splanchnic circulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e403-e411
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2019

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Superior Mesenteric Artery
Methane
Reperfusion
Cardiac Tamponade
Swine
Perfusion
Gases
Air
Splanchnic Circulation
Miniature Swine
Serous Membrane
Video Microscopy
Breath Tests
Viscera
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Ileum
Sprague Dawley Rats
Spectrum Analysis
Arterial Pressure
Mucous Membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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Detection of Intestinal Tissue Perfusion by Real-Time Breath Methane Analysis in Rat and Pig Models of Mesenteric Circulatory Distress. / Szűcs, Szilárd; Bari, Gábor; Ugocsai, Melinda; Lashkarivand, Reza Ali; Lajkó, Norbert; Mohácsi, A.; Szabó, Anna; Kaszaki, J.; Borós, M.; Érces, Dániel; Varga, Gabriella.

In: Critical care medicine, Vol. 47, No. 5, 01.05.2019, p. e403-e411.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Szűcs, Szilárd ; Bari, Gábor ; Ugocsai, Melinda ; Lashkarivand, Reza Ali ; Lajkó, Norbert ; Mohácsi, A. ; Szabó, Anna ; Kaszaki, J. ; Borós, M. ; Érces, Dániel ; Varga, Gabriella. / Detection of Intestinal Tissue Perfusion by Real-Time Breath Methane Analysis in Rat and Pig Models of Mesenteric Circulatory Distress. In: Critical care medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 47, No. 5. pp. e403-e411.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Methane (CH4) breath test is an established diagnostic method for gastrointestinal functional disorders. Our aim was to explore the possible link between splanchnic circulatory changes and exhaled CH4 in an attempt to recognize intestinal perfusion failure. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled in vivo animal study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Anesthetized, ventilated Sprague-Dawley rats (280 ± 30 g) and Vietnamese minipigs (31 ± 7 kg). INTERVENTIONS: In the first series, CH4 was administered intraluminally into the ileum before 45 minutes mesenteric ischemia or before reperfusion in non-CH4 producer rats to test the appearance of the gas in the exhaled air. In the porcine experiments, the superior mesenteric artery was gradually obstructed during consecutive, 30-minute flow reductions and 30-minute reperfusions achieving complete occlusion after four cycles (n = 6), or nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia was induced by pericardial tamponade (n = 12), which decreased superior mesenteric artery flow from 351 ± 55 to 182 ± 67 mL/min and mean arterial pressure from 96.7 ± 18.2 to 41.5 ± 4.6 mm Hg for 60 minutes. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Macrohemodynamics were monitored continuously; RBC velocity of the ileal serosa or mucosa was recorded by intravital videomicroscopy. The concentration of exhaled CH4 was measured online simultaneously with high-sensitivity photoacoustic spectroscopy. The intestinal flow changes during the occlusion-reperfusion phases were accompanied by parallel changes in breath CH4 output. Also in cardiac tamponade-induced nonocclusive intestinal ischemia, the superior mesenteric artery flow and RBC velocity correlated significantly with parallel changes in CH4 concentration in the exhaled air (Pearson's r = 0.669 or r = 0.632, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: we report a combination of in vivo experimental data on a close association of an exhaled endogenous gas with acute mesenteric macro- and microvascular flow changes. Breath CH4 analysis may offer a noninvasive approach to follow the status of the splanchnic circulation.",
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AU - Bari, Gábor

AU - Ugocsai, Melinda

AU - Lashkarivand, Reza Ali

AU - Lajkó, Norbert

AU - Mohácsi, A.

AU - Szabó, Anna

AU - Kaszaki, J.

AU - Borós, M.

AU - Érces, Dániel

AU - Varga, Gabriella

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N2 - OBJECTIVES: Methane (CH4) breath test is an established diagnostic method for gastrointestinal functional disorders. Our aim was to explore the possible link between splanchnic circulatory changes and exhaled CH4 in an attempt to recognize intestinal perfusion failure. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled in vivo animal study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Anesthetized, ventilated Sprague-Dawley rats (280 ± 30 g) and Vietnamese minipigs (31 ± 7 kg). INTERVENTIONS: In the first series, CH4 was administered intraluminally into the ileum before 45 minutes mesenteric ischemia or before reperfusion in non-CH4 producer rats to test the appearance of the gas in the exhaled air. In the porcine experiments, the superior mesenteric artery was gradually obstructed during consecutive, 30-minute flow reductions and 30-minute reperfusions achieving complete occlusion after four cycles (n = 6), or nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia was induced by pericardial tamponade (n = 12), which decreased superior mesenteric artery flow from 351 ± 55 to 182 ± 67 mL/min and mean arterial pressure from 96.7 ± 18.2 to 41.5 ± 4.6 mm Hg for 60 minutes. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Macrohemodynamics were monitored continuously; RBC velocity of the ileal serosa or mucosa was recorded by intravital videomicroscopy. The concentration of exhaled CH4 was measured online simultaneously with high-sensitivity photoacoustic spectroscopy. The intestinal flow changes during the occlusion-reperfusion phases were accompanied by parallel changes in breath CH4 output. Also in cardiac tamponade-induced nonocclusive intestinal ischemia, the superior mesenteric artery flow and RBC velocity correlated significantly with parallel changes in CH4 concentration in the exhaled air (Pearson's r = 0.669 or r = 0.632, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: we report a combination of in vivo experimental data on a close association of an exhaled endogenous gas with acute mesenteric macro- and microvascular flow changes. Breath CH4 analysis may offer a noninvasive approach to follow the status of the splanchnic circulation.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Methane (CH4) breath test is an established diagnostic method for gastrointestinal functional disorders. Our aim was to explore the possible link between splanchnic circulatory changes and exhaled CH4 in an attempt to recognize intestinal perfusion failure. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled in vivo animal study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Anesthetized, ventilated Sprague-Dawley rats (280 ± 30 g) and Vietnamese minipigs (31 ± 7 kg). INTERVENTIONS: In the first series, CH4 was administered intraluminally into the ileum before 45 minutes mesenteric ischemia or before reperfusion in non-CH4 producer rats to test the appearance of the gas in the exhaled air. In the porcine experiments, the superior mesenteric artery was gradually obstructed during consecutive, 30-minute flow reductions and 30-minute reperfusions achieving complete occlusion after four cycles (n = 6), or nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia was induced by pericardial tamponade (n = 12), which decreased superior mesenteric artery flow from 351 ± 55 to 182 ± 67 mL/min and mean arterial pressure from 96.7 ± 18.2 to 41.5 ± 4.6 mm Hg for 60 minutes. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Macrohemodynamics were monitored continuously; RBC velocity of the ileal serosa or mucosa was recorded by intravital videomicroscopy. The concentration of exhaled CH4 was measured online simultaneously with high-sensitivity photoacoustic spectroscopy. The intestinal flow changes during the occlusion-reperfusion phases were accompanied by parallel changes in breath CH4 output. Also in cardiac tamponade-induced nonocclusive intestinal ischemia, the superior mesenteric artery flow and RBC velocity correlated significantly with parallel changes in CH4 concentration in the exhaled air (Pearson's r = 0.669 or r = 0.632, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: we report a combination of in vivo experimental data on a close association of an exhaled endogenous gas with acute mesenteric macro- and microvascular flow changes. Breath CH4 analysis may offer a noninvasive approach to follow the status of the splanchnic circulation.

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