Detection of elementary sulphur in freshwater sediments

István Dévai, Csaba Heim, Ilona Wittner, György Dévai, Zoltán Dinya, János Harangi, Gyula Szöór, Ferenc Máté

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Abstract

As part of a larger study by our team of workers, chlorinated hydrocarbons in the sediments of the shallow Lake Balaton, the River Zala and two open-air BMKO-type sewage treatment plants were studied by gas chromatography. In addition to peaks relating to the presence of PCBs, an all-screening peak was found (with 3·78 min retention time), especially in fresh sediment samples. Later, gas chromatographic, infrared spectrophotometric and GC/MS analyses proved that the peak was caused by elementary sulphur, for which data are rare and incomplete in the hydrobiological literature. Further studies confirmed that, at least in shallow waters, different sulphur forms, including elementary sulphur, may be more important, both qualitatively and quantitatively, than previously realised, in energy cycling and diagenesis in sediments. There is thus an urgent need to investigate the sulphur cycle, previously little studied, compared with phosphorus and nitrogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-160
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Pollution. Series B, Chemical and Physical
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1984

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Dévai, I., Heim, C., Wittner, I., Dévai, G., Dinya, Z., Harangi, J., Szöór, G., & Máté, F. (1984). Detection of elementary sulphur in freshwater sediments. Environmental Pollution. Series B, Chemical and Physical, 8(2), 155-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/0143-148X(84)90025-9