Detection of arbitrarily many solutions for perturbed elliptic problems involving oscillatory terms

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a direct approach for detecting arbitrarily many solutions for perturbed elliptic problems involving oscillatory terms. Although the method works in various frameworks, we illustrate it on the problem(Pε){(- Δ u + u = Q (x) [f (u) + ε g (u)], x ∈ RN, N ≥ 2,; u ≥ 0,; u (x) → 0 as | x | → ∞,) where Q : RN → R is a radial, positive potential, f : [0, ∞) → R is a continuous nonlinearity which oscillates near the origin or at infinity and g : [0, ∞) → R is any arbitrarily continuous function with g (0) = 0. Our aim is to prove that: (a) the unperturbed problem (P0), i.e. ε = 0 in (Pε), has infinitely many distinct solutions; (b) the number of distinct solutions for (Pε) becomes greater and greater whenever | ε | is smaller and smaller. In fact, our method surprisingly shows that (a) and (b) are equivalent in the sense that they are deducible from each other. Various properties of the solutions are also described in L- and H1-norms. Our method is variational and a specific construction enforces the use of the principle of symmetric criticality for non-smooth Szulkin-type functionals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3849-3868
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Differential Equations
Volume245
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2008

Keywords

  • Arbitrarily many solutions
  • Perturbed elliptic problem
  • Symmetric criticality
  • Szulkin-type functional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics

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